Los Lecheros screened at the Julien Dubuque International Film Festival (JDIFF) on April 27th, 28th and 29th, 2018. It was part of a shorts program, as well as featured as part of a community screening that was attended by about 100 people. Producer Coburn Dukehart and subject John Rosenow spoke on a panel discussion following the April 28th, community screening.
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It started with the election of a new president, and ended with a 21-minute film.

And after screening at 25 film festivals nationwide, airing on multiple public television shows and being featured on The Atlantic Selects, the Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism is pleased to make its documentary about rising immigration tensions on dairy farms available on its website.

“Los Lecheros” (Dairy Farmers) was co-produced with Jim Cricchi and Susan Peters of Twelve Letter Films in 2017. The Center’s reporting on the issue started in 2009 with a series of stories called Dairyland Diversity about the growing reliance of Wisconsin’s signature industry on undocumented workers.

Alexandra Hall interviews Guillermo Ramos Bravo at dairy farm in northern Buffalo County, Wisconsin. Ramos, who is from Mexico, has worked there for 17 years. Hall’s reporting and audio interviews became the basis for the documentary “Los Lecheros”. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

After the 2016 election of President Donald Trump, knowing that 51 percent of dairy workers nationwide are immigrants, Wisconsin Public Radio and Center reporter Alexandra Hall, who is fluent in Spanish, set out to discover what challenges those immigrants and their employers faced under the new administration.

Hall’s first report, Under Trump, Wisconsin dairies struggle to keep immigrant workers, on March 19, 2017, caught the attention of Cricchi and his wife Susan Peters, who has been a long-time supporter of the Center. They then contacted the Center about making an investigative documentary to further Hall’s reporting.

Miguel Hernandez cleans a barn on his last day of work on a Pepin County dairy farm on May 31. He was leaving for Mexico with four other dairy workers the following day. Hernandez is featured in the documentary “Los Lecheros” produced by Twelve Letter Films and the Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

“Los Lecheros” (Dairy Farmers) takes viewers to rural western Wisconsin, where reported raids by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents spread fear among the Latino workers. The film explores the conflicts faced by a farm owner who says a raid would shut down his farm, an undocumented farm manager who says he has no choice but to stay to feed his family, a state legislator who co-sponsored a controversial anti-sanctuary city bill, and a worker finishing his last shift on a dairy before returning his family to Mexico after 16 years on the farm.

“Los Lecheros” (Dairy Farmers) has screened at 25 film festivals nationwide, made the IDA shortlist and won a Regional Edward R. Murrow Award.

While Cricchi is an experienced editor of documentaries, feature films, television and short films, this was his first documentary as director and cinematographer. Filming for “Los Lecheros” began in May 2017. The film took one week to shoot and 10 weeks to edit. Cricchi also hired musicians, a colorist and a re-recording mixer to complete production of the film. He also worked with the Center on editorial accuracy and fact-checking of the film.

“It would have been much more difficult and taken a lot more time to make this film without the journalists from WCIJ,” Cricchi said.

“Working with them gave me immediate access to the farmers and farm workers, as well as their trust. Because of the first article, I knew everyone’s backstory, so we were starting with a lot of information. I also had access to Alexandra’s incredible audio interviews which make up about half of the interviews in the film. They provided intimacy that I would not have been able to get so quickly.”

The Center and Twelve Letter Films were thrilled when the film was selected to premiere at the Meet the Press/AFI film festival in Washington, D.C., in November 2017, and later was featured on the Meet the Press website as part of an online film festival.

From there, the film took off, and was showcased at 25 film festivals nationwide in 2017-18, including: DOC NYC, the Big Sky Documentary Film Festival in Missoula, Montana; the Wisconsin Film Festival, the San Diego Latino Film Festival, Mountainfilm, and the Traverse City Film Festival, to name a few.

Alexandra Hall records sound of Miguel Hernandez and Pedro Tepole packing a truck for a trip back to Mexico, as Jim Cricchi films in the background. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

“Los Lecheros” was also featured on the Milwaukee PBS shows 10thirtysix and ¡Adelante!, which included a panel discussion with Center Managing Editor Dee J. Hall, Digital and Multimedia Director Coburn Dukehart, dairy farmer John Rosenow, and Shaun Duvall, who helps build relationships between farmers and their immigrant employees.

“The film festival circuit is very competitive,” Cricchi said. “There are thousands of films competing to get into festivals and it was such an honor to screen with so many amazing films throughout the year. Festival screenings are really important because you have a chance to engage with an audience. One of the highlights of the year was at the Minneapolis St. Paul International Film Festival. Two of our subjects, John Rosenow and Guillermo Ramos Bravo, spoke at the screening, and the audience gave them so much respect.”

The film won a Regional Edward R. Murrow Award, presented by the Radio Television Digital News Association to recognize outstanding achievements in broadcast and digital journalism. It was named best news documentary in Region Four — which covers Wisconsin, North and South Dakota and Minnesota. It also made the IDA (International Documentary Association) shortlist.

As the film wraps up its film festival run, Twelve Letter Films and the Center are pleased to make the film available to the public, with the hopes of continuing the conversation about immigrants and their role in the U.S. economy.

Jim Cricchi, John Rosenow and Guillermo Ramos Bravo at the Minneapolis St. Paul film festival screening of “Los Lecheros”. Courtesy of Twelve Letter Films

The public is invited to contact the Wisconsin Humanities Council to arrange screenings around Wisconsin to foster community discussions of immigration issues.

“We hope that by viewing Los Lecheros, people in Wisconsin and across the nation gain new perspectives that nurture greater understanding of the role of immigrant labor in our society and the impacts of policies,” said Andy Hall, executive director of the Center and a co-producer of the film. “And we hope our work supports the exploration of solutions to the immigration issues that have so divided our nation.”

The nonprofit Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism (www.WisconsinWatch.org) collaborates with Wisconsin Public Radio, Wisconsin Public Television, other news media and the UW-Madison School of Journalism and Mass Communication. All works created, published, posted or disseminated by the Center do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of UW-Madison or any of its affiliates.

Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under a Creative Commons license.

Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Watch

Coburn Dukehart joined the Center in 2016 as digital and multimedia director. Her role includes directing the Center’s visual strategy, creating visual and audio content, managing digital assets and training student and professional journalists.

Dukehart previously was a senior photo editor at National Geographic, the picture and multimedia editor at NPR, a photo editor at USATODAY.com and washingtonpost.com, interned in the White House photo department, and worked for a London-based publishing group. She has received awards from the National Press Photographers Association, Pictures of the Year International and the White House News Photographers Association. Her multimedia and photography work has been honored with a Webby, a Gracie, a Murrow, a duPont, and Milwaukee Press Club awards, and she was nominated for a national Emmy. Dukehart received a bachelor’s degree in journalism and English from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She holds a master’s degree in photojournalism from the University of Missouri-Columbia.