September 25, 2014

University of Wisconsin monkey research sparks opposition

UW System leader says concerns taken ‘very seriously,’ campus research official ‘disappointed’ in wording of petition signed by 290,000

Monkeys who are in the control group of psychiatrist Dr. Ned Kalin’s study on the effects of early adversity on the brain at the University of Wisconsin-Madison will remain with their mothers, except when they are removed for testing, until they are six months old.

Wisconsin National Primate Research Center

Monkeys who are in the control group of psychiatrist Dr. Ned Kalin’s study on the effects of early adversity on the brain at the University of Wisconsin-Madison will remain with their mothers, except when they are removed for testing, until they are six months old.

Main story

University of Wisconsin to reprise controversial monkey studies Infant monkeys in psychiatrist Dr. Ned Kalin’s study will be exposed to adversity to study its effect on young brains. July 31, 2014

On the radio

Noah Phillips discusses the monkey research controversy with Joy Cardin on Wisconsin Public Radio, Oct. 1, 2014.

An experiment on newborn monkeys at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has ignited a debate, including a national petition drive, a federal review and a proposed local resolution seeking to halt the research.

“I’m aware of the concerns,” UW System President Ray Cross said during a Sept. 16 interview with C-SPAN, in response to a called-in question. “We’re taking those very seriously, and I think we’re sharing those with the (Board of Regents).”

While Cross expressed confidence in the oversight process governing campus animal research, he told the network that his office intends further inquiry: “We’re re-evaluating this and so we are concerned about this.”

Heather LaRoi, a spokeswoman for Cross’s office, later clarified that the matter is not currently on any of the board’s upcoming agendas. She declined to say what jurisdiction the UW System has in research matters or whether halting the experiment was on the table.

The experiment by UW psychiatrist Ned Kalin, approved in April, calls for removing 20 newborn monkeys from their mothers and subjecting them to anxiety-inducing tests. After just over a year, the monkeys will be euthanized so that their brains, along with those of 20 animals in a control group, can be studied with newly developed brain-imaging equipment.

More than 290,000 people have signed a petition on the activist platform change.org urging the Regents to stop the research, following a July 31 joint report by Isthmus and the Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism. The report noted that baby monkeys have not been separated from their mothers as part of an experiment on the campus since at least the 1980s.

“The public has a right to insist that federal tax dollars not be wasted on unnecessary ‘terror testing,’ ” wrote Dr. Ruth Decker, a Missouri surgeon who started the petition, in a letter to the Regents. “Far more useful and painless methods of research are already available that do not involve animal suffering.” Decker is an alumna of the UW School of Medicine.

On Aug. 14, the Animal Legal Defense Fund, a nonprofit advocacy group, called on the U.S. Department of Agriculture to investigate possible violations of the Animal Welfare Act at the university.

Monkeys who are in the control group of psychiatrist Dr. Ned Kalin’s study on the effects of early adversity on the brain at the University of Wisconsin-Madison will remain with their mothers, except when they are removed for testing, until they are six months old.

Wisconsin National Primate Research Center

Monkeys who are in the control group of psychiatrist Dr. Ned Kalin’s study on the effects of early adversity on the brain at the University of Wisconsin-Madison will remain with their mothers, except when they are removed for testing, until they are six months old.

“These horrific experiments on infant monkeys have raised significant concerns from the public as well as from the university’s own review committee,” Stephen Wells, executive director of ALDF, said in a press release. “We urge the USDA to investigate the legality of a process in which a highly controversial set of tests were approved by only a few people on a committee, potentially over the heads of dissenting members.”

The call for a federal probe was answered on Aug. 25, according to Eric Sandgren, director of the UW-Madison’s Research Animal Resources Center. He said inspectors from the USDA visited in response to the ALDF complaint and “determined, as we had expected, that the protocol review process was entirely appropriate.”

The research protocol was submitted for review twice, to two UW-Madison primary oversight committees. At least one committee member who voted no the first time around had no voice in the experiment’s second approval. The process was consistent with Research Animal Resources Center policy.

Publicity about the experiment also prompted Al Matano, a member of the Dane County Board, to introduce a resolution urging the UW to stop the research. The resolution was referred to the board’s executive committee, which tabled it indefinitely Sept. 4 after lengthy public testimony and without any discussion by committee members.

“There are certain experiments you couldn’t conduct on humans, so why is OK to do them on animals that are very much like humans?” Matano asked in an interview. “These monkeys are going to have a life that’s a living hell from the day they’re born until the day we kill them.”

Matano hopes to call the proposal back before the entire Dane County Board later this fall.

Sandgren is not fazed by these developments.

“My response to the petition is that I feel bad for the people who have been asked to sign a document that does not describe the study being conducted here,” Sandgren wrote in an email. “I’ll admit to being disappointed that the author chose to misrepresent what is being done, though I suppose that may have been the point.”

After receiving approval, researchers may begin whenever they are ready, using baby monkeys from the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center. Cross told C-SPAN that he was not sure whether Kalin’s experiment has begun; LaRoi declined to say whether he has since learned more.

Kalin did not return emails asking if his research had commenced. Sandgren also would not say whether the experiments have begun.

“It is general university policy not to comment on this aspect of ongoing research,” Sandgren wrote. “That information is provided at the discretion of the study director.”

  • Kim Bourland

    Why doesn’t UW-Madison understand that the people do not want this horrific experiment to commence. It will prove nothing, it is soley for profit and as a survivor of child abuse I can tell you that this does not and will not help. You want to help, then do something about the acceptance of abuse as a family matter. Stop the abuse on children and stop the abuse on animals. We, the survivors, do NOT condone this, it just takes us back to a place that we have fought hard to escape from. Kalin is the abuser in this situation. He must be stopped.

    • Nancy DeLong

      Hi, I read your comments and you are so right! Am hoping against hope that this inhumane torture will not go forward. We must not give up. What is wrong with the researchers??? Abuse propagates abuse, what else do we need to know. This is psychopathic behavior at its worst. Who gave us the right to torture others? For any reason, UNACCEPTABLE

  • Eric Sandgren is richly paid to lie to the public about what is being done to animals on campus.

  • Christine Meyer

    Do not be sorry for the 295,000+ of us who have signed the petition. We had the wisdom to see through UW’s charade. Instead, feel sorry for the 40 baby monkeys who will be killed in this unethical “research” for naught at taxpayer expense. In UW’s hands, their birth is a certain a death sentence.

  • Eve Ballack

    Actually, I read the available protocol submitted by Kalin after learning of the petition, and it does not misrepresent the experiment at all. The truth is that this is just a pretty vile protocol – no wonder they wanted to keep it secret! And people from all over the world are shocked and appalled by the apparent lack of transparency and moral accountability at UW-Madison.

  • John

    Please sign the change.org petition to make a difference. I urge anyone who cares enough to want to stop animal cruelty to read this excellent discussion on why Kalin’s well funded experiments on baby monkeys won’t produce any meaningful information:

    http://primateresearch.blogspot.com/2014/09/young-monkeys-and-children.html

    “Kalin claims that a human child who is abused and a traumatized infant monkey have similar brain chemistry as a result of their different experiences. I doubt that he believes his own claims. He must chuckle to himself over that absurdity and the willingness of others to look like fools or ignoramuses by defending it. Although he nominally claims to be looking for some new molecular pathway that might be modified in some unknown way by some future drug that will cure or vaccinate children from the occasional bad effects of poor, or neglectful, or abusive parenting, I suspect that he is actually hoping only to find yet another patentable molecular pathway that he can add to his and university’s portfolio of similar patents. It really is all about money. His decades of hurting, frightening, and killing young monkeys has never resulted in anything of benefit to human patients. Nothing. Nada. Zilch. Zippo. It won’t this time either.”

  • Rudolph Sherlowsky

    I find this research to be inhumane, bad science, an evil attempt by unseen companies to make profit off of suffering, and have the taxpayers pay for it!

  • TN

    I am disheartened and outraged by this. There have to be ethical boundaries we do not cross. Shame on you, UW Madison. The public outrage around this pathetic experiment should be in indicator to you that taxpayers do not want their money spent this way. Step up and do the right thing and stop this incredibly inhumane treatment of another species. This is horrific and there are other ways to conduct research that do not require savage treatment of another species. Blatantly disregarding a worldwide outcry and objection to this is appalling. Step up and stop this!

  • Paulina

    this is disgusting and people need to know about this and needs to stop asap!
    this is showing that people can do w.e they want and its not ok to do something like this so harmful!