Tony Moore, tus thawj coj ntawm lub tsev kho mob hlwb Birds of a Feather, hais lus thaum npaj noj su rau cov neeg nyob hauv nws pawg tsev hauv Kenosha, Wis. Moore hais tias ob lub khw muag khoom loj hauv nws lub zej zog tau kaw txij li xyoo 2017, thiab thaum Lub Ib Hlis, ib lub khw muag khoom me me. muaj kub hnyiab - tshem tawm ib qho ntxiv ntawm cov nqaij tshiab thiab cov khoom lag luam hauv cov zej zog uas twb muaj lawm. Yees duab thaij lub Plaub Hlis 10, 2022. (Joe States / Wisconsin Watch)
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 7 feeb

Wisconsin Watch'sTshaj dhau Hunger' series tshuaj xyuas zaub mov tsis ruaj ntseg hauv Asmeskas cov khoom noj khoom haus. Wisconsin Saib yog chav xov xwm tsis muaj txiaj ntsig uas tsom mus rau tsoomfwv kev ncaj ncees thiab teeb meem ntawm lub neej zoo. Sau npe rau peb tsab ntawv xov xwm rau ntau zaj dab neeg ncaj nraim rau koj inbox thiab pub los txhawb peb qhov tseeb-kuaj sau xov xwm.

Thaum Tony Moore xav ua kom cov khoom noj ceev ceev, nws cov kev xaiv raug txwv. 

Feem ntau ntawm cov khoom noj uas sau cov txee hauv nws thaj chaw Kenosha, Wisconsin yog cov khoom qab zib thiab rog - chips, dej qab zib thiab lwm yam khoom qab zib. Moore hu nws cov khoom noj uas koj noj tsuas yog "ua rau koj lub plab." Nws tsuas yog zaub mov uas nws tuaj yeem nrhiav tau ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb roj, tom qab tag nrho.

Hauv Moore lub zej zog, ob lub khw muag khoom loj tau kaw txij li xyoo 2017, thiab thaum Lub Ib Hlis, lub khw muag khoom me me tau hlawv - tshem tawm ib qho ntxiv ntawm cov nqaij tshiab thiab cov khoom tsim tawm hauv thaj chaw uas twb muaj lawm.

Cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm 2015 qhia tias 10% ntawm Wisconsin, lossis kwv yees li 570,000 tus neeg, nyob hauv thaj chaw ua tau raws li cov qauv ntawm cov zaub mov suab puam, raws li US Department of Agriculture.

Cov khw muag khoom noj khoom haus feem ntau ua haujlwm ntawm rab chais-nyias cov npoo, thiab kev hloov pauv hauv kev ua lag luam, kev ua haujlwm lossis cov neeg siv khoom tuaj yeem tso lawv tawm ntawm kev lag luam - muab kev txhawb zog kom tsis txhob tsim nyob rau hauv cov chaw tsis muaj kev pab. Nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los no, cov kev pab nyiaj pub dawb hauv cheeb tsam thiab xeev tau muab cov khoom noj khoom haus suab puam nrog cov nyiaj pab hauv kev cia siab ntawm kev ntxias thiab khaws cov khw muag khoom cib-thiab-mortar. 

Moore cim nws tus kheej muaj hmoo piv rau qee tus ntawm nws cov neeg nyob ze - nws muaj lub tsheb thiab tuaj yeem tsav mus rau lub tsev loj hauv cheeb tsam.

Moore tau hais tias "Cov neeg uas yuav tsum tau caij tsheb npav tiag tiag yog qhov txaus ntshai, vim tias tam sim no koj yuav tsum nqa khoom noj," Moore hais. "Yuav khoom noj ntau npaum li cas koj tuaj yeem nqa tau?"

Tony Moore, tus thawj coj ntawm lub tsev kho mob hlwb Birds of a Feather, hais tias nws pab pawg tsev nyob hauv Kenosha, Wis., nyob hauv cov suab puam zaub mov, uas ntau tus neeg nyob hauv zos tsis muaj kev thauj mus los cia siab rau cov zaub mov tsis zoo los ntawm chaw nres tsheb roj hauv zos lossis cov khoom noj ceev ceev. . Kwv yees li 10% ntawm Wisconsin raug suav hais tias yog zaub mov suab puam, raws li tsoomfwv txoj cai lij choj. (Joe States / Wisconsin Saib)

Raws li tus thawj coj ntawm ib pab pawg hauv tsev, Moore saib qee lub zej zog cov neeg nyob hauv cov neeg tsis muaj zog tshaj plaws txhawb nqa lawv tus kheej ntawm cov zaub mov tsis zoo los ntawm cov chaw muag roj av ze thiab cov khoom noj ceev ceev, uas cov nqi siab dua cov khw muag khoom noj uas muaj kev pabcuam puv ntoob. 

Moore tau hais tias "Koj tab tom tham txog kev mus rau lub khw muag khoom noj (thiab) siv $ 10 rau dab tsi yog tias koj tau ua nws hauv ib cheeb tsam hauv zos, koj tab tom tham txog $ 25," Moore hais. 

Nws yog ntau tshaj li tus nqi thiab yooj yim. Raws li cov 2019 Milwaukee Fresh Food Access Report, Kev ncua deb ntawm cov khw muag khoom lag luam sib cuam tshuam nrog ntau dua ntawm kev rog, kab mob plawv thiab ntshav qab zib. 

Moore tau hais tias "Koj tsis paub tias koj nyob hauv cov suab puam zaub mov kom txog thaum ib tus neeg kawm paub txaus qhia koj tias koj tsim nyog zoo dua," Moore hais. "Koj tseem tsis tau paub txog cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm qhov koj yuav tsum muaj los pab koj lub hlwb lossis koj lub siab lub ntsws."

Zaub mov desert txhais

USDA siv kev sib xyaw ua ke nyiaj tau los thiab kev nkag tau kev ntsuas los qhia cov suab puam zaub mov. Kev suav pej xeem nyob qhov twg cov neeg txom nyem yog 20% ​​lossis qhov nruab nrab tsev neeg cov nyiaj tau los yog 80% ntawm lub xeev qhov nruab nrab yog suav tias yog cov nyiaj tau los tsawg. Kev suav pej xeem nyob qhov twg tsawg kawg yog 33% ntawm cov pej xeem nyob ntau dua 1 mais ntawm lub khw muag khoom loj hauv nroog chaw, lossis 10 mais hauv cov nroog nyob deb nroog, ua tau raws li USDA lub ntsiab lus ntawm kev nkag mus tau tsawg.

Cov cheeb tsam muaj kev txom nyem ntau dua yuav yog cov suab puam zaub mov - tsis hais seb nws puas yog thaj chaw nyob deb nroog lossis nroog, raws li ib qho 2012 USDA kev kawm. Dhau li ntawm cov nroog loj, cov cheeb tsam uas muaj cov neeg tsawg dua yuav muaj ntau dua li cov suab puam zaub mov. 

Raws li USDA kev ntsuas qis rau cov zaub mov deserts, feem ntau ntawm Milwaukee yog suav hais tias kom muaj kev nkag mus rau zaub mov tsis tshua muaj - txhais tau tias feem coob ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv ntau dua 10 feeb taug kev deb ntawm lub khw uas muaj zaub mov tshiab.  

Danielle Nabak yog tus saib xyuas cov zej zog noj qab haus huv rau University of Wisconsin Extension Milwaukee County's FoodWIse program. Ib yam li lwm tus kws tshaj lij, nws nyiam lub sijhawm khoom noj khoom haus tsis sib haum xeeb rau cov khoom noj khoom haus vim muaj keeb kwm suav nrog redlining, kev lag luam kev lag luam thiab kev nthuav dav dav uas cais cov zej zog marginalized.

Nabak tau hais tias "Kuv xav tias qhov ntawd tau txais txiaj ntsig ntau ntawm kev nqis peev ntau thiab kev tsim txom uas tshwm sim los tsim cov xwm txheej uas peb tab tom tham tiag tiag thaum peb tham txog zaub mov suab puam," Nabak tau hais. 

Cov nyiaj pab txhawb nqa khoom noj 

Yuav luag yim xyoo, txij xyoo 2006 txog 2014, Florence County, Wisconsin, tsis muaj khw muag khoom noj li. 

Nyob rau ciam teb ntawm Upper Peninsula ntawm Michigan, cov neeg nyob hauv lub nroog yuav tsum tau tsav tsheb mus txog ib nrab teev thiab hla lub xeev txoj kab mus yuav khoom noj, raws li Florence County Economic Development Tus Thawj Coj Wendy Gehlhoff.

Gehlhoff hais tias "Peb yuav tsum tau tsav tsheb nyob qhov twg los ntawm 15 mus rau 30 mais, nyob ntawm seb lub nroog twg koj nyob hauv, mus rau lub khw muag khoom noj," Gehlhoff tau hais. 

Rau Gehlhoff, kev siv zog los kaw qhov sib txawv khoom noj khoom haus no yog lub hom phiaj ntev, tab sis nws tsis yog txog thaum nws nrhiav tau Lub Zej Zog Kev Loj Hlob Nyiaj Pab rau xyoo 2013 uas nws pom cov lus teb rau Florence County qhov teeb meem.

Qhov nyiaj $250,000 yog muab los ntawm Wisconsin Economic Development Corp. yog "me ntsis kawg" xav tau los ua kom tiav qhov project, Gehlhoff tau hais.

cov pab muab nyiaj rau Wisconsin municipalities los pab rau tej yaam num uas yuav tsim tau hauj lwm thiab txhawb kev lag luam hauv zos. Cov nyiaj los ntawm cov nyiaj pab tsuas yog mus hloov cov cuab yeej qub thiab kho qhov chaw uas tam sim no yog Pat's Foods, lub khw IGA / Festival Foods hauv Florence, lub nroog lub rooj.

Cov txiaj ntsig tsawg ua rau cov khoom noj muaj suab puam

Tab sis cov nyiaj pab yuav tsis txaus los ntxias cov khw muag khoom loj los nqis peev hauv qee cov zej zog. Cov khw muag khoom noj feem ntau tsis xav tsim kom muaj cov neeg txom nyem siab lossis cov neeg tsawg tsawg uas muaj kev pheej hmoo.

"Tsuas yog vim koj tsuas yog lub khw hauv nroog tsis lav tias koj nyob hauv kev lag luam," Wisconsin Grocers Association Thawj Tswj Hwm Brandon Scholz tau hais. "Lub khw muag khoom noj xav tau cov neeg siv khoom tsis tu ncua - nws tsis muaj qhov nyuaj tshaj qhov ntawd."

Qauv Kev Lag Luam, lub khw muag khoom noj ze hauv plawv nroog Kenosha, Wis., tau hlawv thaum ntxov 2022, qhov thib peb poob ntawm lub khw muag khoom noj hauv zej zog hauv tsib xyoos. (Joe States / Wisconsin Saib)

Cov khw muag khoom loj, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov khoom noj xws li nqaij thiab zaub uas tas sij hawm sai, tuaj yeem poob nyiaj tau yooj yim thaum khiav ntawm qhov nqaim ntawm cov txiaj ntsig. Nyob ntawm cov khoom, nws tuaj yeem nyob nruab nrab ntawm 1% thiab 3%.

Scholz tau hais tias "Yuav muab tso rau hauv cov lus yooj yim tshaj plaws, koj yuav tsum them cov nqi," Scholz hais. 

Raws li Scholz, cov khw muag khoom loj loj uas tswj hwm Asmeskas kev lag luam tsis muaj kev ruaj ntseg hauv cov khoom noj khoom haus. Thiab nrog cov nqi siab tshaj plaws los qhib lub khw tshiab, tsis tau txais nyiaj txaus txhais tau tias qee yam yuav tsum tau txiav - txawm tias nws yog cov neeg ua haujlwm, cov txiaj ntsig lossis cov peev nyiaj tshaj tawm.

"Txhua tus neeg nkag siab tias lawv xav tau lub khw," Scholz hais. "Cov lus nug yog, koj puas tuaj yeem them rov qab cov nyiaj qiv?"

Lub khw me kaw cov khoom noj khoom haus

Hauv ib cheeb tsam Madison, tus neeg ua lag luam Mariam Maldonado tab tom ua haujlwm. Xyoo 2019, Luna's Cov Khoom Muag tau qhib nws lub qhov rooj - thiab kaw cov khoom noj khoom haus sib txawv hauv Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh cov zej zog. Lub khw tau txais $ 157,000 nyiaj pab los ntawm lub nroog Madison tsom rau txhim kho kev muag khoom noj khoom haus hauv cheeb tsam, Maldonado tau hais. 

Mariam Maldonado, tus tswv ntawm Luna's Groceries, tau siv nyiaj pab los ntawm lub nroog Madison los pab qhib nws lub khw xyoo 2019 hauv Madison cov zej zog uas tsis muaj lub khw muag khoom loj tau ze li kaum xyoo. Nws tau yees duab hauv lub khw thaum lub Tsib Hlis 5, 2022. (Joey Prestley / Wisconsin Saib)

Tau ntev, lub zej zog tsis muaj lub khw muag khoom noj. Thaum Luna qhib, lub zos Copps khw muag khoom noj tau raug kaw rau ze li kaum xyoo. Thiab ib qho kev sib tshuam loj nyob ze ua rau taug kev mus rau cov khw muag khoom me sab nraum lub zej zog txaus ntshai.  

Maldonado, ib tug neeg nyob ntev ntawm lub zej zog, muaj lub zeem muag rau qhov tam sim no Luna Cov Khoom Noj. Thaum lub vev xaib ntawm ib daim tshev-nyiaj ntsuab ib pab tub rog ntawm Red Arrow Drive tuaj muag, Maldonado tau muab nws. 

Lub khw muag khoom pabcuam rau zej zog nrog ntau haiv neeg qhov twg tshaj ib nrab ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv yog Dub lossis Hispanic, thiab cov neeg siv khoom tuaj yeem cia siab tias tus neeg ua haujlwm hais lus Spanish tuaj tos txais thiab pab lawv. Luna's yog ib qho ntawm ob peb lub khw muag khoom hauv nroog uas koj tuaj yeem yuav Dominican longaniza, nqaij npuas nqaij npuas, thiab Salvadoran, Mexican thiab Guatemalan cremas, uas zoo ib yam li qaub cream tab sis tangier, cov neeg ua haujlwm Yanci Almonte Vargas tau hais. 

Almonte Vargas tau hais tias "Peb muaj cov neeg uas nyuam qhuav tuaj rau Tebchaws Meskas. "Thiab nws yog lawv thawj lub hlis ntawm no, thawj hnub, thiab lawv mus rau hauv lub khw, thiab tej zaum kuv yuav tsis muaj tib lub suab lus lossis hom lus ntawm lawv lub tebchaws, tab sis lawv tseem tuaj yeem hais tau lawv tus nplaig thiab lawv hnov ​​tau - thiab lawv tuaj yeem ua tau. tau qhov lawv tab tom nrhiav. "

Elena Villeda khaws cov txee ntawm Luna's Cov Khoom Muag hauv Madison, Wis thaum Lub Peb Hlis 10, 2022. Lub khw me ua rau muaj qhov sib txawv hauv Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh cov zej zog, uas poob ntau lub khw muag khoom noj hauv xyoo tas los no. (Joey Prestley / Wisconsin Saib)

Cov neeg siv khoom Christina Bojorquez txaus siab rau qhov yooj yim ntawm kev muaj lub khw nyob ze. Ua ntej Luna's, Bojorquez yuav tsum tau taug kev ob peb mais deb mus yuav khoom ntawm Walmart lossis Woodman's, Wisconsin cov khw muag khoom noj. 

"Thiab tam sim no nws zoo dua rau kuv vim kuv tuaj yeem nres ua ntej kuv mus tsev," Bojorquez hais. "Tshwj xeeb tam sim no, koj paub tias roj av kim dua, yog li kuv tuaj yeem taug kev." 

Lub khw muaj qhov sib txawv loj rau Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh cov neeg nyob tsis muaj tsheb. Lub tsheb npav nkaus xwb uas mus los ntawm lub zej zog yog Madison Metro Route 18, uas tsis muaj chaw nres tsheb ze ntawm lub khw muag khoom loj. 

Yannette Figueroa Cole, tus thawj coj uas sawv cev rau Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh cheeb tsam, tau hais tias lub nroog tau nqis peev hauv zej zog ntau xyoo, tab sis nws tsis txaus los muab cov zej zog "rov qab" nrog kev nkag mus rau cov khoom noj uas nws xav tau.

“Lub nroog cov peev txheej raug txwv; qhov ntawd yog qhov uas cov zej zog ncaws tawm los ua kom muaj qee qhov khoob, "Figueroa Cole tau hais. "Luna's Cov Khoom Muag Khoom Noj yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov tshwm sim thaum cov zej zog ua haujlwm ua ke."

Loj tsis tas yuav zoo dua

Raws li nws txoj kev vam meej hauv Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh, lub nroog Madison tau mus txog Luna's hauv 2020 kom nthuav dav mus rau South Park Street ntawm kev sib xyaw siv kev loj hlob ntawm qhov chaw ntawm lub qub US Army Reserve chaw. Txoj kev npaj yog rau 24,000-square-foot tag nrho cov khw muag khoom noj, sau cov khoom noj khoom haus uas tsis muaj nyob hauv South Madison raws li qhov ze ze Pick N 'Save daim ntawv xauj tsev yog teem caij tas sij hawm. 

Luna Cov Khoom Muag Khoom Noj yog ib qho ntawm ob peb lub khw hauv Madison, Wis., qhov chaw koj tuaj yeem yuav Dominican longaniza, nqaij npuas nqaij npuas, thiab Salvadoran, Mexican thiab Guatemalan cremas, uas zoo ib yam li qaub cream tab sis tangier, tus neeg ua haujlwm Yanci Almonte Vargas hais. Txog thaum lub khw qhib rau xyoo 2019, lub zej zog tsis muaj lub khw muag khoom nyob ze. (Joey Prestley / Wisconsin Saib)

Tab sis xyoo tas los, Maldonado rub tawm, ib feem yog vim muaj kev nyuaj siab nyiaj txiag nws tau pom yav dhau los.

"Kev nqis peev $ 10 lab rau hauv lub khw muag khoom noj uas yuav tsis muaj txiaj ntsig li ntawm xya mus rau yim xyoo, nws tsis yog kev nqis peev zoo," Maldonado tau hais.

Nws kuj txhawj xeeb tias qhov project no yuav ua rau nws hla nws lub zeem muag ntawm kev nthuav dav Luna mus rau hauv ib lub saw ntawm peb lub khw me me thoob plaws Madison hauv pom cov zaub mov deserts. 

"Thaum kuv xav txog kuv cov keeb kwm yav dhau los, thiab qhov kuv xav tso rau kuv cov menyuam ... Kuv xav kom muaj lub khw muag khoom noj uas ua rau cov neeg zej zog ua ntej," Maldonado hais. "Thiab kom muaj cov khoom muag uas tsim los rau cov tswv yim ntawm cov zej zog ntawd, qhov tseem ceeb heev rau kuv. Luna tau loj heev hauv thaj chaw Park Street, kuv yuav tsis muaj peev xwm ua tau qhov ntawd. "

Luna Cov Khoom Muag tau qhib rau xyoo 2019 hauv lub khw muag nyiaj qub hauv Allied Drive-Dunn's Marsh zej zog hauv Madison, Wis. Tus tswv Mariam Maldonado tau siv nyiaj pab los ntawm lub nroog Madison los pab nyiaj txiag rau lub khw. (Joey Prestley / Wisconsin Saib)

Txawm hais tias muaj kev siv zog hauv zos xws li Luna thiab cov nyiaj pab sim ua kom tiav qhov khoob, kev tshem tawm cov zaub mov deserts tsis yog ib qho yooj yim feat. Nabak tau hais tias kev txhim kho cov txheej txheem zaub mov tsis tu ncua nyob ze ntawm cov npe ntawm Milwaukee kev txhawj xeeb, nrog rau kev ua txhaum cai, kev nyab xeeb thiab vaj tse.

Nws nyiam "multisector anti-kev txom nyem lub tswv yim" uas suav nrog kev thauj mus los zoo dua, txhim kho cov khoom noj khoom haus thiab ntau lub khw muag khoom noj, qhov zoo tshaj plaws hauv kev taug kev deb. 

Nabak tau hais tias, "Txog thaum peb hloov qee lub tshuab loj dua," Nabak tau hais tias, "peb yuav zaum ib txwm tawm tsam nrog kev tsis ncaj ncees hauv peb cov zaub mov."

Cov nonprofit Wisconsin Saib koom tes nrog WPR, PBS Wisconsin, lwm cov xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab University of Wisconsin-Madison Tsev Kawm Ntawv Xov Xwm thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus. Txhua yam haujlwm tau tsim, tshaj tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Wisconsin Watch tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam cov kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm cov koom tes.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Joe States / Wisconsin Saib

Joe States yog ib tug tub ntxhais kawm ntawv xov xwm uas tau koom nrog hauv chav kawm tshawb nrhiav hauv University of Wisconsin-Madison Lub Tsev Kawm Ntawv ntawm Kev Sau Xov Xwm thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus hauv zej zog raws li kev coj los ntawm Dee J. Hall, Wisconsin Watch tus thawj tswj xyuas. Cov xeev kawm tiav hauv lub Tsib Hlis loj hauv kev sau xov xwm. Tam sim no nws yog tus sau xov xwm rau Kenosha Xov Xwm.

Lauryn Azu / Wisconsin SaibPej xeem kev koom tes thiab kev lag luam intern

Lauryn Azu koom nrog Wisconsin Watch thaum Lub Ib Hlis 2021 raws li kev koom tes rau pej xeem thiab kev ua lag luam. Nws tab tom nrhiav kev kawm tiav qib siab hauv kev sau xov xwm thiab Latin American cov kev tshawb fawb thiab daim ntawv pov thawj hauv kev kawm digital. Ntawm UW-Madison nws yog tus thawj coj luam theej ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm online tshaj tawm The Black Voice. Yav dhau los nws tau ua haujlwm nrog Lub Chaw Rau Kev Sau Xov Xwm Kev Ncaj Ncees raws li Kev Xaiv Tsa Kev Ncaj Ncees, WDET-FM Detroit, Kev Sau Xov Xwm, Kev Ncaj Ncees, thiab Kev Ncaj Ncees ntawm University of Notre Dame, thiab Detroit Free Press. Nws txaus siab rau kev paub xov xwm, lus, thev naus laus zis, kev coj ncaj ncees, thiab nrhiav txoj hauv kev zoo los qhia cov dab neeg uas tseem ceeb.