Elizabeth Brown, 43, yog daig nyob rau hauv lub voj voog ntawm nws qab ntawm nws daim nqi. Thiab nws tsis nyob ib leeg vim kev txom nyem tseem yog ib qho teeb meem tsis zoo hauv Milwaukee rau nws thiab ntau lwm tus. (PrincessSafiya Byers/Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service)
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 8 feeb

News414 yog kev pabcuam kev tshaj xov xwm kev sib koom tes ntawm Wisconsin Saib thiab Milwaukee Cov Neeg Zej Zog Xov Xwm Pab uas hais txog cov teeb meem tshwj xeeb, kev txaus siab, kev xav thiab cov ntaub ntawv xav tau los ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv nroog Milwaukee cov zej zog. Xav paub ntau ntxiv ntawm peb lub vev xaib lossis sau ntawv MKE rau 73224 txhawm rau txuas nrog tus neeg sau xov xwm.

Cov nqi them tsis tau them feem ntau muab Elizabeth Brown nyob rau hauv txoj haujlwm ntawm kev xaiv ntawm qhov twg ntawm nws tsev neeg cov kev xav tau yuav tsum tau txais qhov tseem ceeb, kev tawm tsam paub txog ntau tus Milwaukeeans.

Brown, 43, yog nyob rau ntau txoj kev ntsib kev txom nyem hauv Milwaukee. 

Nws tau daig hauv lub voj voog uas nws muaj kev xaiv tsis tu ncua ntawm kev pub nws tsev neeg lossis them rau cov khoom xws li nqi tsev lossis khoom siv.

Raws li qhov tshwm sim, kev khawb tawm yog qhov nthuav dav ntawm nws lub neej thiab cov ntawm ntau lwm tus hauv Milwaukee, uas tuav qhov kev txom nyem thib ob ntawm lub tebchaws 50 lub nroog uas muaj neeg coob tshaj plaws. 

Thaum lub Plaub Hlis Ntuj, Brown tau thov kev pab lub zog. Tab sis nws tsis tau txais kev pab txog thaum nruab nrab Lub Yim Hli, ib lub lim tiam tom qab nws lub zog tau raug txiav. 

Lub lim tiam ntawd, Brown tau hais tias nws yuav tsum siv nyiaj ntau ntxiv thiab tsis ua haujlwm ntau heev uas tam sim no nws poob qis dua lwm cov nqi.  

"Txhua lub sijhawm kuv tau txais nyiaj ntxiv, kuv siv nws los khaws cov nqi, yog li tam sim no kuv rov qab los ntawm xoom thiab sim rov qab los," nws hais. "Yuav ua li cas kuv thiaj li tau ntes tau, yog tias kuv pheej ntes tau?"

 Hauv xyoo 2009, Brown tau kuaj pom tias muaj fibromyalgia, ib qho teeb meem uas cuam tshuam nrog kev mob musculoskeletal thiab qaug zog ntxiv rau kev pw tsaug zog, nco thiab mus ob peb vas teeb meem nrog rau carpal qhov. Nws tsis muaj peev xwm ua hauj lwm puv sij hawm txij li thaum.

"Qhov nqa thiab khoov yog ntau dhau rau kuv," nws hais.  

Brown, ib leej niam, tau hais tias nws raug tsis lees paub kev pab cuam thiab txij li ntawd tau ua tiav rau nws tus kheej thiab nws plaub tus menyuam yaus uas tsis tau muaj hnub nyoog los ntawm kev ua haujlwm ib nrab hnub raws li nws ua tau.  

Nrog nws tam sim no ib nrab hnub ua haujlwm ua haujlwm hauv zej zog los ntawm kev  Chaw Dominican, Brown hais tias nws cov nyiaj tau los txhua hli txawv ntawm $ 500 txog $ 700 tab sis nws tus nqi xauj tsev ib leeg yog $ 775 ib hlis.

"Kuv ua kom nws ua haujlwm," nws hais. "Kuv cov menyuam laus pab kuv qee zaum thiab lub sijhawm so, kuv ua qhov kuv yuav tsum tau ua."

 Nqi yuav pluag 

Brown nyob hauv ib zaub mov suab puam, lub sij hawm muab rau cov cheeb tsam uas tsis txaus nkag mus rau cov zaub mov noj qab haus huv. Nws hais tias txawm tias cov txiaj ntsig FoodShare tsis xav tias txaus. Nws tsis muaj tsheb thauj mus los thiab lub khw muag khoom ze tshaj plaws rau nws yog Pick 'N Save uas yog taug kev li 20 feeb los ntawm qhov chaw nws nyob hauv Amani zej zog.

Brown hais tias, "Txawm tias muaj nyiaj muas noj, khw hauv kuv lub tsev yog kim," Brown hais. "Thiab kim kim thaum kuv siv nyiaj txhua hnub vim kuv tsis tuaj yeem tso cov zaub mov hauv tub yees." 

Brown tau hais tias nws siv ze li $ 50 ib hnub rau zaub mov lub lim tiam nws lub zog raug txiav. 

“Nws kim heev rau cov neeg pluag. Kuv tsis xav tias tib neeg nkag siab qhov ntawd, ”Nicole Thompson, tus neeg koom nrog hauv zej zog hais. "Cov zaub mov thiab roj yog kim dua nyob rau hauv lub zej zog no (Amani) dua li nyob rau hauv suburbs."

 Brown hais tias slumlords thiab lwm yam teeb meem vaj tse tsuas yog ntxiv rau nws qhov kev tawm tsam. 

Brown hais tias "Koj lub tsev yuav tsum yog koj txoj kev nplij siab," Brown hais. "Tab sis kuv yuav zaum thiab sim xav li cas txog txoj kev npaj ua kom kuv lub neej vam meej thaum kuv lub tsev poob rau hauv ib puag ncig kuv."

 Thaum lub tsev poob rau hauv kev puas tsuaj, cov neeg raug txhawb kom hu rau Department of Neighborhood Services, los yog DNS.

Tab sis "feem ntau ntawm cov neeg peb ua haujlwm yuav tsis hu rau DNS vim lawv tsis muaj qhov twg mus," Lorenzya Polnitz, tus thawj coj ntawm cov kev pabcuam hauv zej zog tau hais. COA Youth and Family Centers. "Yog lawm, lawv tuaj yeem tso rau hauv tsev so ob peb hnub, tab sis yog tias kuv twb nyuaj them nqi xauj tsev, kuv yuav them taus tsiv mus li cas?"

George Hinton, CEO ntawm lub Kev Txhawb Zej Zog Kev Tsim Kho, hais tias kev txom nyem yog kim nyob rau hauv txoj kev tsis yog ib txwm zoo li. 

Nws tau hais tias "Cov tsev no, tshwj xeeb hauv Milwaukee, yog qhov tsis zoo uas lawv cov cua sov lossis huab cua tawm ncaj qha tawm ntawm qhov rais," nws hais.

 Kev txom nyem hauv Milwaukee 

Raws li US Census Bureau cov ntaub ntawv, Milwaukee muaj qhov thib ob qhov kev txom nyem siab tshaj plaws ntawm 50 lub nroog uas muaj neeg nyob hauv Tebchaws Meskas, nrog 24.6% ntawm lub nroog nyob hauv kev txom nyem. 

Hinton tau hais tias "Milwaukee yeej tsis tau tsim cov chav nruab nrab muaj zog tiag tiag," "Raws dua li tsim lub tswv yim ua lag luam zoo li ntau lwm lub nroog, peb tau tsim lub tswv yim ua haujlwm. Yog li thaum cov hauj lwm tawm mus, ntau tus neeg tsuas yog cov nyiaj tau los ua tau. " 

Conor Williams, tus kws tshuaj ntsuam xyuas txoj cai tswjfwm ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Ncaj Ncees Hauv Zej Zog, tau hais tias deindustrialization uas tshwm sim nyob rau xyoo 1970 tseem yog qhov tseem ceeb rau kev txom nyem hauv Milwaukee. 

Raws li nyob rau hauv ntau ntawm Midwest thiab lwm thaj chaw, qhov hollowing tawm ntawm kev ua haujlwm tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo tau tshwm sim. 

Nws tau hais tias "Muaj ntau tsev neeg thiab cov tib neeg poob lawv txoj kev lag luam hauv lub sijhawm ntawd thiab tau tawm tsam kom nrhiav tau dua," nws hais. "Thiab tib neeg muaj lub tswv yim tias tsis muaj dab tsi uas lawv ua tau."

raws li Cov ntaub ntawv Asmeskas Kev Suav Neeg Tuaj Suav Neeg, cov neeg dub ua rau feem coob ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv Milwaukee nyob hauv kev txom nyem ntawm 43.2%, tom qab ntawd yog cov neeg dawb ntawm 22%, ces Hispanics ntawm 17%. 

Hinton tau hais tias Milwaukee kev sib cais ua lub luag haujlwm hauv nws txoj kev lag luam thiab. 

Nws tau hais tias "Milwaukee yog thiab tseem yog ib lub nroog sib cais ntau tshaj plaws hauv lub tebchaws," nws hais. "Nws yog ib qho yooj yim rau disenfranchise ib tug neeg thaum lawv nyob sib cais ntawm lwm tus neeg."

 Txoj kev khiav dim txoj kev txom nyem 

Raws li Abra Fortson, tsoomfwv txoj haujlwm thiab tus thawj saib xyuas kev txhawb nqa rau Social Development Commission, lub koom haum tau pom cov teeb meem uas ua rau tib neeg nyob hauv kev txom nyem. Ib tug yog kev txawj ntse dissonance.

 Fortson tau hais tias "Tib neeg muaj kev ntshai ntawm kev tsiv tawm ntawm kev txom nyem," Fortson hais. "Lawv tsis xav ua kom zoo dhau los lossis khwv tau nyiaj ntau dhau vim tias lawv yuav poob lawv cov txiaj ntsig tseem ceeb thiab qhov kev ntshai ntawm kev poob cov cuab yeej ua rau lawv tsis xav ua tiav."

Polnitz thiab Thompson tau hais tias kev ntshai ntawm qhov tshwm sim ntawm kev sim kuj yog vim li cas cov neeg uas tawm tsam tsis tas yuav ncav cuag kev pab lawv xav tau.

 Thompson hais ntxiv tias "Ntau lub sijhawm ntev mus nrhiav kev pab yuav ua rau tib neeg cov menyuam raug tshem tawm ntawm lawv lub tsev," "Yog li kom tsis txhob poob lawv cov menyuam, tib neeg tsis ncav cuag, thiab yog li tam sim no peb muaj cov neeg uas xaiv cia li mus yam tsis muaj." 

Lwm qhov teeb meem yog "isms," kev ntxub ntxaug thiab kev ntseeg raws li kev xav thiab kev tsis paub.

 Fortson tau hais tias "Peb tuaj yeem tham txog redlining nyob rau xyoo 60s thiab nws cov nyhuv kav ntev rau cov neeg ntawm cov xim hauv Milwaukee," Fortson hais. "Los yog peb tuaj yeem tham txog cov lus ceeb toom tsis ntev los no ntawm redlining lossis nqe gouging tawm tsam (Dub, Hauv paus txawm thiab lwm tus neeg xim) cov tswv tsev."

 Redlining cuam tshuam txog kev txwv nyiaj txiag thiab lwm yam kev pabcuam rau cov neeg nyob hauv ib cheeb tsam raws li lawv haiv neeg lossis haiv neeg.

Kev raug mob kuj yog ib qho teeb meem. 

Hinton tau hais tias "Qhov kev paub dhau los ntawm kev txom nyem yog qhov txaus ntshai heev, thiab nws muaj kev cuam tshuam loj rau lub hlwb ntawm cov neeg loj hlob los ntawm cov neeg pluag," Hinton tau hais. "Tib neeg tau tsim cov txuj ci uas yuav ua li cas kom dim ntawm kev txom nyem tab sis tsis txhob tawm ntawm kev txom nyem."

 Qhov teeb meem kawg yog cov txheej txheem thiab cov cai.

Fortson hais tias "Cov kab ke thiab cov cai tsis tu ncua ua rau tib neeg ua tsis tau," “Thaum lub sijhawm nyiaj txiag los ntawm Milwaukee lawv yeej tsis nyob qhov twg cov neeg xav tau txoj haujlwm feem ntau tuaj yeem ncav cuag lawv. Qhov ntawd yog qhov system-fail. "

Xav tau: Ib qho kev qhia dav dav 

Raws li Brown, cov koom haum pabcuam kev noj qab haus huv tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev phom sij ntau dua li qhov zoo.

Brown tau hais txog lub sijhawm uas nws siv sijhawm zoo vim nws yuav tsum tau mus rau lub koom haum pabcuam kev pabcuam pejxeem.

Brown tau hais tias "Kuv tau siv dab tsi tuaj yeem ua haujlwm puv hnub hauv chaw ua haujlwm vim tias lub koom haum kev sib txuas lus tsis meej," Brown hais. 

Brown tau hais tias "Tam sim no raws li ib tus neeg uas twb dhau los ntawm nyiaj txiag, kuv poob haujlwm, uas txhais tau hais tias nyiaj txiag, tau txais kev pab, thiab nws tsuas yog xav tias tsis muaj leej twg saib xyuas," Brown hais. 

Brown tau hais tias yog cov koom haum pabcuam kev sib raug zoo tsuas yog pob tshab ntau dua txog cov kev xav tau thiab lub sijhawm rau kev thov thiab tau txais kev pabcuam, tib neeg yuav zoo dua. 

Brown hais tias "Nws yog kev poob siab thaum cov kev pab cuam tsis tuaj yeem pab koj," Brown hais. “Tab sis nws yooj yim dua rau tsuas yog tsis lees paub kuv qhov kev pab dua li kom kuv tos kev pab kuv yuav tsis tau txais. Tsawg kawg yog thaum kuv paub tias kuv tsis tau txais kev pab, kuv tuaj yeem npaj tau. "

Raws li Hinton, qhov kev txom nyem uas peb pom tam sim no tau tsim los ntawm ntau tiam neeg ntawm cov txheej txheem thiab cov cai tsim los cuam tshuam rau qee tus neeg thiab cov zej zog.

  Nws tau hais tias "Qhov no yog xyoo thiab xyoo ntawm kev txias zoo li," nws hais. "Tam sim no, peb muaj ntau tus neeg uas txaus siab rau kev pab cuam rau kev sib raug zoo dua li mus rau kev vam meej rau lawv tus kheej." 

Kev nkag siab tias kev txom nyem tsis yog kev xaiv 

Hinton hais tias tib yam uas yuav hloov kev txom nyem yog kom tib neeg to taub nws.  

Nws tau hais tias "Peb cov zej zog tsis paub txog," nws hais. “Lawv tsis nkag siab qhov lawv tab tom ntsib, yog li lawv tsis lees paub. Peb yuav tsis pom qhov hloov pauv yam tsis muaj kev lees paub. " 

Raws li Thompson, ib feem ntawm kev nkag siab txog kev txom nyem yog kev nkag siab lub siab ntawm cov neeg uas tau ntsib nws.

Nws tau hais tias "Feem ntau cov neeg txom nyem niaj hnub no tau yug los rau hauv kev txom nyem," nws hais. "Thiab thaum koj yug los rau hauv kev txom nyem koj ua haujlwm los ntawm lwm lub lens los ntawm ib tus neeg uas tsis yog." 

Nws hais tias nws tsis yog ib qho yooj yim lub tswv yim kom khiav tawm vim qee cov neeg tsis tau ntsib txoj sia yam tsis muaj tsoomfwv pab kev nyab xeeb. 

Nws tau hais tias "Thaum kuv pib ua nyiaj tau zoo thiab tsis tsim nyog tau txais nyiaj muas noj, kuv xav tias kuv lub neej dhau mus," nws hais. "Koj paub, zoo li kuv yuav ua li cas, kuv yuav pub kuv cov menyuam li cas?" 

Hinton tau hais tias kev nkag siab txoj hauv kev uas txhua yam no ua haujlwm kom ib tus neeg nyob hauv kev txom nyem tsim kev nkag siab.

 Nws tau hais tias "Yog tias koj nyob hauv qee qhov chaw ntawm lub nroog no, koj tsis muaj zaub mov zoo, kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv, kev kawm zoo rau koj cov menyuam, vaj tsev zoo lossis kev ua haujlwm nrog cov nyiaj tau los txhawb nqa lub neej," nws hais. "Thiab tom qab ntawd koj ua khub nrog kev ntshai ntawm kev ua tiav, kev ntxub ntxaug, cov tswv cuab uas ua phem thiab tsis paub." 

Thompson tau hais tias qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws kom nkag siab yog tias kev txom nyem tsis yog kev xaiv. 

“Tsis muaj leej twg xav ua neeg pluag. Tib neeg tsuas yog ua haujlwm nrog txhais tes uas lawv tau daws, "nws hais.

 'Thaum koj paub zoo, koj ua tau zoo dua'

Rashaad Washington, tus tswv ntawm Pro Painter USA thiab yav dhau los tus tswv ntawm Pro Trade Job Development, qhov kev cob qhia kev lag luam kev tsim kho, hais tias kev tawm ntawm kev txom nyem yog txhua yam hais txog kev siv lub sijhawm tsim los rau cov neeg txom nyem.

 Nws tau hais tias "GED cov kev pabcuam, nyiaj pabcuam kev lag luam me thiab kev kawm pub dawb yog txhua yam khoom muaj nqis uas tuaj yeem pab ib tus neeg pab lawv tus kheej," nws hais. "Tab sis qhov teeb meem nrog cov kev pab cuam no yog lawv tsis tshua tshaj tawm lawv tus kheej."

 Nws hais tias hauv nws qhov kev paub dhau los, nws tsuas yog nyob ntawm tus neeg kom rub lawv tus kheej tawm ntawm kev txom nyem.

 Nws tau hais tias "Peb paub tias nws yog qhov teeb meem hauv lub cev yog li nws yuav tsum tau hais los ntawm tsoomfwv thiab cov neeg sawv cev, tab sis peb kuj paub tias tsis yog li ntawd," nws hais. "Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob tos ib yam dab tsi vim ib tug neeg hais tias lawv yuav muab rau koj." 

Washington tau hais tias nws yog txhua yam hais txog kev kawm thiab lub sijhawm. 

"Thaum koj paub zoo dua, koj ua tau zoo dua," nws hais.

Community Advocates Public Policy Institute tsim ib daim ntawv qhia txog txoj hauv kev kom xaus kev txom nyem nyob rau hauv 2012.

 Williams tau hais tias "Muaj txoj hauv kev paub los pab tib neeg hauv kev tshem lawv tus kheej los ntawm kev txom nyem, tsuas yog qhov tsis muaj kev xav tau ceev los ua nws," Williams hais. "Tam sim no, Teb Chaws Asmeskas cov peev txheej kev ywj pheej tab tom ua haujlwm ntawm nws qhov phem tshaj vim nws tau siv tib neeg." 

Nws hais tias txoj hauv kev zoo tshaj plaws los txo kev txom nyem yog kev nqis peev rau tib neeg peev. 

 Nws tau hais tias "Hauv 30 xyoo dhau los, tau muaj kev nce nyiaj ntau npaum li cas rau kev kho," nws hais. "Peb siv $ 1.4 billion rau nws. Yog tias peb tau nqis peev tib yam nyiaj ntawd rau hauv cov haujlwm qhia haujlwm, peb yuav tsis xav tau (siv) ntau npaum li kev kho. " 

Raws li Williams, vim tias cov neeg txom nyem tau ceev nrooj sim them cov nqi, lawv tsis tau nqis peev rau lawv tus kheej. 

"Kev cob qhia them nyiaj tso cai rau tib neeg los nqis peev rau lawv tus kheej," nws hais. "Thaum koj tuaj yeem nqis peev rau koj tus kheej, koj tuaj yeem pab nyiaj txiag thiab ua tau zoo."

 Hinton hais tias kev kawm yog qhov tseem ceeb. 

"Keeb kwm qhia peb txog vim li cas peb nyob qhov twg," nws hais. "Yog tias koj tuaj yeem nkag siab tias koj tuaj ntawm no li cas, koj tuaj yeem ua qhov zoo tshaj plaws kom tsis txhob nyob ntawm no dua."

 Cov peev txheej rau cov neeg nyob hauv Milwaukee xav tau

Yog muaj lus nug lossis kev txhawj xeeb txog cov peev txheej, sau ntawv MKE mus rau 73224 txhawm rau txuas nrog tus neeg sau xov xwm los ntawm News414, ib txoj haujlwm sib koom ntawm Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service thiab Wisconsin Watch. 

Yog xav tau kev pab thaum muaj xwm ceev, hu rau IMPACT 211 ntawm 2-1-1 

Nov yog phau ntawv qhia kev pab rau tus xauj tsev.

Nov yog phau ntawv qhia kev pab rau cov tswv tsev.

Nov yog phau ntawv qhia txog kev pab khoom noj khoom haus.

Nov yog phau ntawv qhia txog kev pab Mental health.

Ib version ntawm zaj dab neeg no yog thawj zaug luam tawm los ntawm Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service. Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism (ntawm wisconsinwatch.org) koom tes nrog Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service, Wisconsin Public Radio, PBS Wisconsin, lwm yam xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab UW-Madison Tsev Kawm Ntawv ntawm Kev Sau Xov Xwm thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus. Txhua yam haujlwm tsim, luam tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Lub Chaw tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam txog kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm nws cov koom tes.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

PrincessSafiya Byers / Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service

PrincessSafiya Byers yog Daim Ntawv Qhia rau Asmeskas cov koom haum ua haujlwm ua tus neeg ua haujlwm tshaj tawm xov xwm ntawm Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service qhov chaw nws suav nrog kev noj qab haus huv, kev lag luam tsawg, kev ntseeg, kev ua haujlwm, vaj tsev thiab kev thauj mus los. Ib tus neeg zoo siab hauv Milwaukee, Byers yog 2020 kawm tiav ntawm Marquette University. Nws tau ua haujlwm nrog Milwaukee Community Journal, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, University of Wisconsin-Madison thiab Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service. Byers kuj tau tsim ib lub zej zog podcast thiab sau rau cov ntawv xov xwm hauv zej zog.