Ib qho kos npe hauv Boost Mobile lub khw ntawm Milwaukee's Atkinson Avenue txhawb kom cov neeg xauj tsev ntsib kev raug ntiab tawm mus hu rau Cov Kws Pab Tswv Yim Hauv Zej Zog, tsis muaj txiaj ntsig, thov rau kev pab xauj tsev thaum muaj xwm ceev. Yees duab thaij lub Cuaj Hlis 4, 2020. (Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib)
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 4 feeb

Cov nqi xauj tsev nce siab, cov nyiaj ua haujlwm tsis tu ncua thiab tsis muaj cov chav nyob tau ua rau Milwaukeeans taug kev mus rau qhov teeb meem vaj tsev pheej yig. Qhov kev kub ntxhov no, hais tias cov kws paub txog vaj tsev nyob hauv zos, yog keeb kwm ntawm lub nroog txoj cai xaiv yav dhau los.

Txawm hais tias Milwaukee County tsis ntev los no tau lees paub rau suav lub teb chaws qis tshaj tag nrho ntawm cov neeg tsis muaj chaw nyob hauv ib tus neeg, nws kuj yog qhov chaw nruab nrab rau nws vaj huam sib luag, nws lub nra hnyav ntawm kev ntiab tawm thiab nws cov tsev nyob tsis txaus. 

Kev sib xyaw ua ke tau ua rau ntau tus Milwaukeeans tsis muaj kev xaiv. 

Qhov no yog zam tau.

Anne Bonds, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm thaj chaw ntawm University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, tau hais tias peb tab tom pom qhov tshwm sim ntawm redlining, txheej txheem kev ntxub ntxaug ntawm kev tsis lees paub cov kev pabcuam rau cov neeg nyob raws li haiv neeg lossis haiv neeg, thiab kev cog lus ntawm haiv neeg hauv lub sijhawm. 

Bonds tau hais tias "Cov neeg nyiam ua kom lub nroog sib cais rau cov neeg nyob qhov twg lawv xis nyob thiab lwm yam kev lag luam hauv zej zog," Bonds tau hais. "Tab sis qhov tseeb yog cov zej zog yog txoj hauv kev no los ntawm kev tsim." 

Nws hais tias kev txwv kev ntxub ntxaug lwm haiv neeg thiab cov cai tswjfwm kev nqis peev mus rau thaj chaw deb nroog, qhov twg txawm tias tam sim no, cov nyiaj khwv tau los txhawb nqa txoj haujlwm tseem muaj nyob sab nraum nroog, ua rau "kev cuam tshuam ntawm qhov tsis zoo thiab tag nrho kev nqis peev hauv zej zog hauv nroog." 

"Lub sijhawm dhau mus, cov tswv yim ntawm cov zej zog twg yog qhov zoo, thiab qhov twg tsis zoo tau txhawb nqa lawv tus kheej," nws hais. "Tus kws sau xov xwm Jane Jacobs tau hais txog qhov tau tshwm sim raws li kev ua tiav ntawm tus kheej." 

'Cov tsev neeg hauv kev kub ntxhov'

Cov kev hloov pauv no ua si hauv kev ua phem phem txawm tias niaj hnub no.

Deb Heffner, tus thawj coj lub tswv yim vaj tse rau Cov Kws Pab Tswv Yim Hauv Zej Zog tau hais tias "Tsuas muaj ntau tsev neeg nyob rau hauv kev kub ntxhov," hais tias Deb Heffner, tus thawj coj tswv yim hauv zej zog rau Cov Kws Pab Tswv Yim, uas muab kev pabcuam thiab kev pabcuam rau cov neeg nyob hauv xav tau. "Kev pab xauj tsev tsuas yog kho Band-Aid rau cov teeb meem tiag tiag." 

Lub koom haum tau muab nyiaj pab xauj tsev rau ntau dua 15,000 tus neeg txij li xyoo 2020 thiab muaj nyob ib ncig ntawm 4,000 tus neeg tos txais kev pab txij li nruab nrab Lub Tsib Hlis. 

Mike Bare, tus kws tshawb fawb thiab tus kws saib xyuas kev pab cuam rau Cov Kws Pab Tswv Yim Hauv Zej Zog, hais tias vaj tsev thiab kev noj qab haus huv tau txuas nrog. 

"Koj tuaj yeem kos ib txoj kab ncaj nraim los ntawm cov teeb meem vaj tsev mus rau kev tua tus kheej," Bare hais. "Yog li dab tsi tib neeg yuav pom tias muaj teeb meem vaj tsev ib leeg dhau los ua teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv rau pej xeem thiab qhov ntawd dhau los ua tag nrho peb cov teeb meem." 

Ib tsab ntawv ceeb toom tsis ntev los no ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Ncaj Ncees Hauv Zej Zog hais tias teeb meem vaj tse tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev ntxhov siab ntev, thiab kev ntxhov siab ntev tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev noj qab haus huv hnyav.

Daim ntawv tshaj tawm tau hais tias "Kev tsis tu ncua, kev kis mus ntev rau qib siab ntawm cov tshuaj hormones no tuaj yeem ua mob rau kev noj qab haus huv ntau txoj hauv kev," tsab ntawv ceeb toom tau hais. Qhov no suav nrog cov ntshav siab ntev, uas ua rau mob stroke thiab mob plawv; mob ntshav qab zib ntau ntau, uas tuaj yeem ua rau rog rog thiab ntshav qab zib; thiab kev tiv thaiv kab mob ntev ntev, ua rau tib neeg muaj kev tiv thaiv kab mob, mob qog noj ntshav, thiab kab mob autoimmune. 

Keeb kwm ntawm cov teeb meem vaj tse 

Cov kws tshaj lij hais tias cov kev cai yav dhau los tau ua rau lub xeev muaj vaj tse pheej yig tam sim no. 

Bethany Sanchez, tus thawj coj ntawm Qhov Kev Pab Cuam Ncaj Ncees ntawm Metropolitan Milwaukee Fair Housing Council tau hais tias "Txawm hais tias lawv tsis tuaj yeem siv tau, qee qhov (txwv tsis pub) cov lus cog tseg tseem nyob hauv phau ntawv," "Qhov no yog keeb kwm ntawm peb cov kev xaiv yav dhau los."

Nws tau ua ib qho kev cuam tshuam qub txeeg qub teg.

Gwen Moore, D-Milwaukee tau hais tias "Muaj ib lub ntsiab lus thaum Milwaukee muaj cov neeg dub dub tshaj plaws hauv lub tebchaws," said US Rep. Gwen Moore, D-Milwaukee. "Tam sim no nws tau suav tias yog qhov chaw phem tshaj plaws hauv lub tebchaws rau cov menyuam Dub loj hlob tuaj." 

Tshaj tawm tsab ntawv ceeb toom tawm hauv Milwaukee. Txawm hais tias Lub Nroog Milwaukee tsis ntev los no tau lees paub los suav lub teb chaws qis tshaj plaws ntawm cov neeg tsis muaj chaw nyob hauv ib tus neeg, nws kuj tseem yog theem nruab nrab rau nws qhov tsis muaj vaj tse nyob, nws lub nra hnyav ntawm kev tshem tawm thiab nws cov tsev nyob tsis txaus. (Aaron Maybin / Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service)

Moore tau taw qhia rau cov haujlwm uas ploj lawm, tsis muaj kev thauj mus los rau cov haujlwm muaj uas them cov nyiaj ua haujlwm nyob thiab cov neeg qiv nyiaj poob qis raws li lwm yam laj thawj rau kev kub ntxhov. 

"Koj tuaj yeem taw qhia txog kev nce nqi xauj tsev tab sis nws tsawg dua qhov nqi xauj tsev hauv New York lossis California," nws hais. "Peb yuav tsum saib dab tsi tshwj xeeb rau lub zej zog no." 

Bare hais tias tej yam no tau tshwm sim nyob rau lwm qhov, tab sis lawv nyuam qhuav tshwm sim ntawm no ua ntej, thiab Milwaukee tseem tsis tau rov qab los. 

"Macroeconomic yam xws li deindustrialization ntaus Milwaukee 10 txog 20 xyoo ua ntej nws tsoo lwm lub nroog," nws hais. "Qhov ntawd txhais tau hais tias peb tau ua tsis tiav ua ntej ntawm kev ua lag luam vaj tsev thiab poob kev ncaj ncees hauv tsev neeg." 

Tsis tas li ntawd, lub nroog muaj kev thaiv vaj tse tshiab. Bonds taw qhia txog kev xauj tsev tsis ncaj ncees. 

Nws tau hais tias "Kev xauj tsev yog siab heev hauv thaj chaw tau nyiaj tsawg," nws hais. "Thiab lwm cov kev tshawb fawb qhia pom cov tuam txhab kev ncaj ncees ntiag tug uas tau tso cai yuav ib pawg ntawm cov cuab yeej thiab nyiam tshem cov neeg xauj tsev ntawm tus nqi siab dua li cov tswv tsev hauv zos thiab txawm tias tawm hauv lub xeev." 

Bare thiab Heffner tau hais tias qhov tsis muaj cov chav nyob kuj tseem cuam tshuam kev rov qab los.

Ib tsab ntawv ceeb toom los ntawm Community Development Alliance, ib pab pawg neeg pab txhawb kev txhim kho hauv zej zog thiab cov kws tshaj lij uas koom tes nrog kev txhim kho hauv zej zog hauv Milwaukee, tau txheeb xyuas qhov xav tau ntawm 32,000 tus tswv tsev Dub thiab Latino ntxiv thiab 32,000 chav tsev xauj rau tsev neeg ua $ 7.25 txog $ 15 toj ib teev. 

Daim ntawv tshaj tawm los ntawm 2019 hais tias hauv nroog Milwaukee, 55.8% ntawm cov neeg dawb yog cov tswv tsev, thaum 37.5% ntawm Latinos yog cov tswv tsev, thiab tsuas yog 27% ntawm cov neeg Dub yog cov tswv tsev. 

Milwaukeeans tau siv zog los daws qhov teeb meem no tau ntau xyoo. 

Xyoo 2018, Lub Nroog Milwaukee tau tshaj tawm nws 10,000 Lub Tsev Tsim Kev Tsim Kho los txhim kho vaj tse pheej yig rau 10,000 tsev neeg hauv nroog hauv 10 xyoo.

A qhia los ntawm Wisconsin Policy Forum tau hais tias muaj ntau dua 70 lub koom haum hauv nroog pab tib neeg cov kev xav tau vaj tse.

"Thaum vaj tse yog qhov tseem ceeb rau qee lub koom haum, nws yog ib qho ntawm ntau qhov chaw tsom mus rau feem ntau," tsab ntawv ceeb toom tau sau tseg. "Cov koom haum teb feem ntau tau tshaj tawm tias tau koom tes nrog tsawg kawg ib lub koom haum pej xeem hauv peb lub xyoos dhau los los muab kev pabcuam vaj tsev thiab / lossis tsim vaj tsev pheej yig." 

Cov koom haum tau muab cov kev daws teeb meem los daws cov teeb meem no. 

Lub Zej Zog Kev Txhim Kho Alliance tau txheeb xyuas cov kev daws teeb meem hauv nws 2021 tsab ntawv tshaj tawm qhia txog kev npaj vaj tse pheej yig rau lub nroog. Cov no suav nrog kev pab tswv yim tom qab kev yuav tsev thiab kev nrhiav nyiaj txiag los tsim cov tsev xauj tsev pheej yig. 

Ib daim ntawv tshaj tawm 2020 Public Policy Institute tau hais tawm ntau txoj cai hloov pauv hauv nws daim ntawv tshaj tawm txog kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov neeg xauj tsev. Cov no suav nrog cov cai tswj hwm vaj tsev pheej yig uas twb muaj lawm thiab nthuav tawm cov nyiaj se-nqi ntxiv rau kev tsim vaj tsev pheej yig. 

Daim ntawv tshaj tawm Wisconsin Txoj Cai Lij Choj kuj tau qhia txog kev daws teeb meem hauv vaj tse xws li kev tsim vaj tsev pheej yig dua thiab cov nyiaj tau los sib xyaw nyob ze cov chaw ua haujlwm. 

Joe Peterangelo, tus kws tshawb fawb laus ntawm Wisconsin Policy Forum hais tias "Peb tsuas yog xav muab cov ntaub ntawv tso rau ntawm tib neeg." "Vam tias, nws qhia thiab cuam tshuam rau kev sib tham." 

Nrhiav kev pab vaj tsev nyob qhov twg hauv Milwaukee

cov Metropolitan Milwaukee Fair Housing Council tab tom ua haujlwm los muab kev nkag mus rau ntau tsev neeg tau nyiaj tsawg hauv nroog. 

Thiab cov Kev Pab Cuam Rau Cov Tsev Nyob, uas streamlines ib tug series ntawm vaj tse cov kev pab cuam thiab muab kev pab cuam rau hauv ib qhov chaw thiab txheej txheem, yog qhib txhua txhua hnub ntawm

728 N. James Lovell St. los pab tib neeg taug kev lawv cov kev xav tau vaj tse tam sim ntawd. Koj tuaj yeem hu rau lawv ntawm (414) 895-RENT (7368).

Txoj Cai Lij Choj ntawm Wisconsin tab tom ua haujlwm kom txo qhov kev tshem tawm ntev npaum li cas nyob rau ntawm ib tug neeg cov ntaub ntawv.

Cov cuab yeej siv los sab laj yog tias koj txhawj xeeb txog kev ntiab tawm 

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

PrincessSafiya Byers / Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service

PrincessSafiya Byers yog Daim Ntawv Qhia rau Asmeskas cov koom haum ua haujlwm ua tus neeg ua haujlwm tshaj tawm xov xwm ntawm Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service qhov chaw nws suav nrog kev noj qab haus huv, kev lag luam tsawg, kev ntseeg, kev ua haujlwm, vaj tsev thiab kev thauj mus los. Ib tus neeg zoo siab hauv Milwaukee, Byers yog 2020 kawm tiav ntawm Marquette University. Nws tau ua haujlwm nrog Milwaukee Community Journal, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, University of Wisconsin-Madison thiab Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service. Byers kuj tau tsim ib lub zej zog podcast thiab sau rau cov ntawv xov xwm hauv zej zog.