Xia Lee, tus kws kho mob kws kho tsiaj hauv tsev kawm ntawv qib siab Wisconsin-Madison Department of Entomology, qhia txog tus neeg laus cov zuam dub-legged, hauv Susan Paskewitz Lab hauv Madison, Wis., thaum Lub Cuaj Hli 21, 2021. Tus kab mob Lyme hauv Wisconsin tau loj hlob. raws li cov zuam dub-legged uas ua rau tus kab mob no tau kis mus thoob lub xeev. (Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib)
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 3 feeb

Wisconsin Watch yog chav xov xwm uas tsis muaj txiaj ntsig uas tsom mus rau tsoomfwv kev ncaj ncees thiab teeb meem ntawm lub neej zoo. Sau npe rau peb tsab ntawv xov xwm rau ntau zaj dab neeg ncaj nraim rau koj lub inbox.

Xyoo 1970, Wisconsin dermatologist thawj cov ntaub ntawv yuav ua li cas sai sai no hu ua kab mob Lyme thoob plaws lub tebchaws.

Dr. Rudolph J. Scrimenti, tus kws kho mob dermatologist hauv Milwaukee, tau tshaj tawm thawj case nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States of the kos npe tawm pob ntawm tus kab mob Lyme thaum ntxov.

Tus neeg mob tau tshem tus zuam tawm ntawm nws daim tawv nqaij peb lub hlis ua ntej nyob rau sab qaum teb-central Wisconsin. Scrimenti tau kho tus neeg mob nrog penicillin raws li cov ntaub ntawv kho mob uas nws tau nyeem tawm hauv Tebchaws Europe. 

Nws tau sau rau hauv phau ntawv xov xwm xyoo 48 tias "Tus neeg mob tsis muaj tsos mob tshwm sim hauv 1970 teev," nws tau sau hauv phau ntawv xov xwm xyoo XNUMX. Txawm li cas los xij, Scrimenti tau hais tias qhov ua rau tus kabmob yog "tsis paub tseeb." 

Scrimenti, uas tuag hauv 2013, tom qab ntawd pib kho cov neeg mob nyob rau hauv Milwaukee thiab tau ua haujlwm rau ntawm pawg saib xyuas ntawm a phau ntawv journal ntawm zuam-yug kab mob nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1990s. 

Hauv peb lub xyoos dhau los, Susan Paskewitz, kws kho mob entomologist ntawm University of Wisconsin-Madison, tau sau tseg txog kev loj hlob ntawm zuam hauv Wisconsin.

Paskewitz pom tias cov zuam mos lwj, tseem hu ua cov zuam dub-legged, tau txav tsis tu ncua los ntawm sab qaum teb sab hnub poob mus rau sab hnub poob, thiab tom qab ntawd mus rau hauv nruab nrab thiab nws thiaj li maj mam mus rau sab hnub tuaj thiab sab qab teb Wisconsin.

"Lawv tau txeeb peb lub xeev tag nrho," Paskewitz tau hais hauv xyoo 2021 Wednesday Nite @ The Lab episode. Nws hais tias kev rov tsim dua tshiab ntawm hav zoov tau txiav txim siab los ntawm kev txiav thaum ntxov xyoo 1900s thiab kev rov qab los ntawm cov mos lwj yog cov tsav tsheb tseem ceeb hauv Wisconsin. Paskewitz tau hais tias qhov kub thiab txias uas tshwm sim los ntawm kev hloov pauv huab cua xav tias yuav ua rau lub caij zuam mus ntev thiab ua kom lawv txoj kev mus rau sab qaum teb mus rau Canada.

Pom tau tias muaj tus kab mob Lyme rau 100,000 tus neeg nyob hauv Wisconsin, 2020. (Wisconsin Lub Chaw Haujlwm Pabcuam Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv)

Xia Lee, tus zuam biologist hauv Paskewitz's lab, tau kawm txog kab rau ntau tshaj kaum xyoo. Lee yog tus hais lus mos mos, tab sis thaum nws tham txog cov kab mob cab, nws xav tsis thoob rau lawv "kev zoo nkauj." 

Lee piav qhia tias cov zuam Lyme-cov kabmob muaj sia nyob ntawm ob thiab peb xyoos. Lawv tau txais ntshav pluas noj los ntawm cov tsiaj hosts ntawm txhua theem ntawm lub neej - larva, nymph thiab neeg laus. 

Lee hais tias, "Cov txiv neej no ib txwm yug los tsis muaj kab mob, thiab lawv yuav tsum khaws cov kab mob thaum lawv pub lawv thawj tus tsiaj (tus tswv),", Lee hais tias, taw qhia rau cov larvae uas tau tsa los ntawm lab.

Nws hais tias larvae khaws cov kab mob thaum lawv thawj zaug ntshav los ntawm kab mob me me, xws li tus nas dawb ko taw. Lawv tom qab ntawd Xa cov kab mob no thaum lawv noj mov thib ob li nymphs thiab lawv cov zaub mov thib peb thaum cov neeg laus.

A Yale txoj kev tshawb fawb tau pom tias kwv yees li 20% mus rau 30% ntawm cov zuam dub-legged nymphs nqa cov kab mob uas ua rau tus kab mob Lyme nyob rau yav qab teb New England, thaum tus kab mob tus neeg laus cov zuam yog 30% txog 50%. Tus zuam kuj tuaj yeem kis tau lwm cov microbes tib lub sijhawm, nqa thiab kis lwm yam kab mob thiab ua rau tib neeg mob nrog Lyme thiab lwm yam kab mob uas kis los ntawm tus kab mob xws li anaplasmosis thiab babesiosis.

Xia Lee, tus kws kho mob tsiaj keeb kwm tom qab kawm tiav hauv University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Entomology, tau pom hauv Susan Paskewitz Lab hauv Madison, Wis., thaum Lub Cuaj Hli 21, 2021. Lee vam tias yuav tsim cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob Lyme rau cov nas, uas. kis tus kab mob mus rau zuam uas pub rau lawv thiab tom qab kis tau rau tib neeg. (Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib)

Ib zaug muaj tus kab mob zuam latches ntawm ib tug neeg, nws ntog thaum tag nrho. Yog tias zuam raug tshem tawm hauv 24 teev, qhov yuav kis tau tsawg heev, Lee tau hais. Txawm li cas los xij, thaum cov noob poppy-loj nymphal zuam khov kho nws tus kheej rau ntawm daim tawv nqaij, kuaj thiab tshem tawm nws nyuaj, ua rau muaj kev pheej hmoo kis mob. 

Lee tau sau tseg tias Wisconsin yeej tsis tau txais kev lees paub raws li qhov chaw ntawm thawj kis tus kabmob. Qhov kev qhuas ntawd tau mus rau lub nroog Lyme hauv Connecticut, uas tseem yog ib lub xeev uas muaj cov xwm txheej ntau tshaj plaws hauv lub tebchaws. 

Nws tau hais tias "Peb nyiam tso dag txog nws thiab hais tias Wisconsin tiag tiag yog thawj lub xeev uas tau kuaj pom tus kab mob Lyme," tab sis peb yeej tsis tau txais lub koob meej rau npe (nws). 

Txhawb nqa peb zaj dab neeg nrog khoom plig

$
$
$

Koj txoj kev koom tes tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo.

Lub nonprofit Wisconsin Watch (www.WisconsinWatch.org) koom tes nrog WPR, PBS Wisconsin, lwm cov xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab University of Wisconsin-Madison Tsev Kawm Ntawv Xov Xwm thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus. Txhua yam haujlwm tau tsim, tshaj tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Wisconsin Watch tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam cov kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm cov koom tes. 

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Zhen Wang / Wisconsin Saib

Zhen Wang tau koom nrog Wisconsin Watch los ua tus neeg ua haujlwm tshaj tawm hauv lub Tsib Hlis 2021. Ntawm UW-Madison, nws tab tom kawm tiav qib siab hauv kev sau xov xwm, hwm nws cov txuj ci kev tshawb fawb sau xov xwm, thiab npaj nws tus kheej rau kev ua haujlwm hauv kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv. Yav dhau los nws tau ua haujlwm rau Guardian Beijing bureau thiab Tuam Tshoj Txhua Hnub. Ua ntej koom nrog kev tshaj xov xwm kev lag luam, nws tau ua haujlwm hauv ntau qhov haujlwm thiab tau txais kev kawm tiav qib siab hauv kev sib raug zoo thoob ntiaj teb hauv New Zealand. Nws hais lus Suav thiab yog ib tug tswv cuab ntawm Asian American Journalists Association.