Aditya Sharma, 27-xyoo-laus tus menyuam kawm ntawv laus los ntawm Is Nrias teb, pib siv lub khob zaub mov ntawm North Hennepin Community College hauv Brooklyn Park, Minn. Txij thaum ntawd los, nws tau tshaj tawm cov lus thoob plaws hauv nws cov chav saib xyuas neeg mob. Nws kwv yees tias nws tau coj 10 mus rau 12 leej lwm tus mus txais khoom noj ntawm lub rooj noj mov. Jaida Grey Eagle / Sahan Journal
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 7 feeb

Wisconsin Saib yog chav xov xwm tsis muaj txiaj ntsig uas tsom mus rau tsoomfwv kev ncaj ncees thiab teeb meem ntawm lub neej zoo. Sau npe rau peb tsab ntawv xov xwm rau ntau zaj dab neeg thiab hloov tshiab ncaj nraim rau koj lub inbox.

Ob daim ntawm pizza rau pluas tshais. Ob daim ntawm pizza rau noj su. Ob daim ntawm pizza rau noj hmo.

Plaub chav xov xwm INN tau siv ntau lub hlis qhia txog cov tsev kawm qib siab hauv zej zog hauv Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee thiab Minneapolis / St. Paul rau qhov project Ntaj tawg. Cov neeg koom - Cov Ntawv Xov Xwm Tsis Muaj Ciam Teb, BridgeDetroit, Sahan Journal thiab Wisconsin Watch - tau tshawb nrhiav cov teeb meem ntsib cov tub ntxhais kawm ntawv qib siab hauv zej zog, uas feem ntau yog neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw thiab cov neeg muaj xim.  Claire DeRosa / Wisconsin Saib

Tau ntau tshaj li ib xyoos, Aditya Sharma, tus menyuam kawm ntawv laus hauv North Hennepin Community College hauv Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, tau npaj nws pluas noj.

Sharma, muaj hnub nyoog 27 xyoo nyob hauv Chandigarh, Is Nrias teb, tuaj rau Minnesota xyoo 2019 los kawm kev saib xyuas neeg mob. Lub khw muag khoom ze tshaj plaws rau chav tsev uas nws koom nrog nws tus viv ncaus yog kim heev. Qee lub sij hawm nws caij nws lub tsheb kauj vab mus rau Aldi, qhov chaw khoom noj khoom haus pheej yig dua, tab sis nws siv sijhawm ib teev thiab ib nrab mus rau qhov ntawd. Thaum lub caij ntuj no, caij tsheb kauj vab mus rau lub khw tsis yog ib qho kev xaiv. Nws nrhiav 75-xees tshwj xeeb ntawm Burger King thiab ua tib zoo rationed nws pizza.

Nws suav tias ntawm ob daim ib pluas mov, ib qho $ 10 pizza tuaj yeem kav plaub pluas noj. Tab sis nws tsis muaj peev xwm them taus ntau cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo tshiab lossis zaub.

Sharma hnav lub teeb xiav txhuam thaum nws qhia nws zaj dab neeg nyob rau yav tsaus ntuj hnub Thursday tsis ntev los no, nruab nrab ntawm cov chav kawm ntawm North Hennepin. Raws li nws cov zaub mov tsis zoo, nws nco qab, ua rau nws noj qab haus huv. Nws nce qhov hnyav, nws lub plawv dhia nce ntxiv thiab nws cov concentration poob. Nws qib raug kev txom nyem.

Tom qab ntawd ib tug phooj ywg tau hais rau nws txog lub tsev kawm ntawv lub rooj noj mov, muaj rau txhua tus tub ntxhais kawm. Thaum nws thawj zaug mus ntsib, Sharma coj mov, cereal thiab ib co zaub mov npaj txhij. Lub semester no, nws nres rau khoom noj ib zaug ib lim piam.

Plaub caug-ob feem pua ​​​​ntawm Minnesota cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv tsev kawm qib siab hauv zej zog hais tias lawv tsis tuaj yeem noj zaub mov kom sib npaug, raws li kev tshawb fawb xyoo 2019 los ntawm Lub Chaw Cia Siab rau Tsev Kawm Qib Siab, Zej Zog, thiab Kev Ncaj Ncees ntawm Temple University. Thiab 49% tau hais tias lawv tau tawm tsam nrog kev tsis muaj vaj tse nyob hauv lub xyoo dhau los. 

Cov kws pab tswv yim hauv tsev kawm qib siab thiab cov thawj coj txhawj xeeb tias qhov tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb nyob ib puag ncig cov kev xav tau yooj yim ua rau muaj kev poob qis hauv zej zog kev nkag mus kawm hauv tsev kawm qib siab, kev sib tw nyob rau xyoo kaum hauv Minnesota thiab thoob plaws lub tebchaws uas tau nrawm dua thaum muaj kev sib kis. Tsuas yog ob xyoos dhau los, kev tso npe kawm ntawv qib siab hauv zej zog thoob tebchaws tau poob los ntawm 15%, raws li National Student Clearinghouse Research Center.

Cov tsev kawm qib siab hauv zej zog hauv plaub thaj chaw Midwestern metro - Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Detroit thiab Chicago - tau nthuav tawm ntau lub tswv yim nyob rau xyoo tas los no los txhawb kev nkag los ntawm kev nkag mus tau thiab muaj peev xwm txaus thaum muab kev txhawb nqa uas tsis tau muaj dua los rau cov tub ntxhais kawm tawm tsam nrog kev cuam tshuam nrog rau kev txom nyem, zaub mov tsis txaus. , kev thauj mus los - thiab tam sim no, muaj kev sib kis.

Lindsay Fort, tus thawj coj ntawm kev txhim kho tub ntxhais kawm ntawm North Hennepin Community College tau hais tias "Peb pom cov tub ntxhais kawm yuav tsum xaiv qhov kev mus ua haujlwm, yog li lawv tuaj yeem khwv tau nyiaj txaus los xauj lub hlis ntawd, lossis tuaj rau hauv chav kawm,"

Muab ob npaug rau koj qhov cuam tshuam

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Koj txoj kev koom tes tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo.

Milwaukee lub hom phiaj rau kev them taus, nkag mus

Hauv Milwaukee, kev kawm qib siab yog qhov tseem ceeb zuj zus, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau nws cov neeg nyob hauv cov xim. A 2020 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee qhia qeb nws ntawm lossis ze rau hauv qab ntawm cov nroog loj thaum nws los txog rau ntau qhov kev ntsuas tseem ceeb ntawm Dub zej zog kev noj qab haus huv, suav nrog tus nqi ntawm cov tswv tsev, kev txom nyem thiab kev ua haujlwm. Qhov kev poob qis los ntawm COVID-19 kis thoob qhov txhia chaw tsuas yog xav tias yuav ua rau muaj kev tsis ncaj ncees tob zuj zus. 

Milwaukee Area Technical College muaj nyob rau hauv xyoo tas los no tau tsim ib qho kev kiv taub hau ntawm cov kev pab cuam thiab kev pib qhib qhov rooj rau cov neeg laus kawm, suav nrog dawb kawm ntawv rau cov tub ntxhais kawm tsim nyog, kev zam nuj nqis thiab dual-credit cov kev pab cuam rau cov tub ntxhais kawm theem siab uas nws hais tias tau txiav cov nqi thiab ua kom muaj kev kawm qib siab rau ntau dua 4,000 tus tub ntxhais kawm. Ntau tshaj li peb-plaub ntawm cov neeg koom hauv cov nqi kawm dawb thiab kev zam txim rau cov nuj nqis yog cov tub ntxhais kawm xim, MATC tau hais.

Tsis muaj qhov tsis txaus ntawm cov dab neeg ua tiav rau MATC kawm tiav. Tom qab tawm hauv tsev kawm ntawv theem siab, Marisol Mendoza tau txais kev kawm tiav qib siab los ntawm MATC. Raws li nws cov qhab nia nyob ntawd, nws tau txais nyiaj pab kawm ntawv rau Marquette University, qhov chaw nws kawm txog kev ua txhaum cai thiab kev cai lij choj. Niaj hnub no, Mendoza txoj hauj lwm ua ib tug paralegal tsom rau pej xeem txoj cai thiab txoj cai lij choj. 

Tanya Fenninger tau hais tias MATC tau pab nws dhau los ua tus kws saib xyuas neeg mob uas muaj ntawv pov thawj, daim ntawv pov thawj uas tau txais nws txoj haujlwm tawm ntawm tsev kawm ntawv. Nws tau hais tias "Kuv xav tias MATC ua txoj haujlwm zoo los ua kom koj npaj rau txoj haujlwm tshaj lij," nws hais.

Ib tus menyuam kawm ntawv laus ua haujlwm hauv chav simulation ntawm Milwaukee Area Technical College. Cov hauj lwm saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv xws li tus kws pab saib xyuas neeg mob muaj ntawv pov thawj yog cov hauj lwm zoo tshaj plaws ntawm MATC cov kawm tiav. Kev lees paub los ntawm MATC

Txawm hais tias muaj kev vam meej, cov tub ntxhais kawm yav dhau los thiab cov uas tau ua haujlwm nrog lawv hais tias muaj kev cuam tshuam rau cov neeg laus kawm ntawv hloov mus kawm ntawv qib siab. Tsawg dua MATC cov tub ntxhais kawm ua tiav lawv cov kev pab cuam raws sijhawm tshaj li ntawm cov koom haum sib koom ua ke thoob plaws Tebchaws Meskas, raws li Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Kwv yees li 16% ntawm MATC cov tub ntxhais kawm ua tiav lawv cov kev kawm hauv 150% ntawm lub sijhawm ua tiav ib txwm, piv rau qhov nruab nrab ntawm 31% ntawm cov tsev kawm ntawv sib raug zoo. 

Txawm li cas los xij, MATC tseem yog txoj hauv kev rau cov tub ntxhais kawm, txhawb kev lag luam rau Milwaukee thiab nws cov neeg nyob. 

"Kuv yeej yog ib tug ntseeg tiag tiag tias kev kawm yeej txhawb tib neeg tawm ntawm kev txom nyem, txhim kho lawv lub neej thiab txhim kho lub zej zog uas peb txhua tus koom nrog," MATC tus thawj tswj hwm Vicki Martin tau hais. "Thiab peb tau txiav txim siab los ua ib feem ntawm qhov kev daws teeb meem," 

Martin tau hais tias MATC qhov kev paub dhau los nrog kev kawm online thaum muaj kev sib kis, thaum tsis sib xws, yuav dhau los ua txoj hauv kev rau kev ua tiav.

Martin tau hais tias "Kuv xav tias nws (mob kis thoob qhov txhia chaw) tau muab sijhawm rau peb los saib xyuas txhua yam txawv dua li peb tau ua dhau los," Martin hais. "Thiab kuv xav tias peb muaj zog dua vim tias peb muaj ntau yam cuab yeej hauv peb cov cuab yeej."

Detroit siv cov tub ntxhais kawm-thawj mus kom ze

Chasidey Willis, 22, kawm tiav los ntawm Wayne County Community College District hauv 2019. Nws tau kawm tiav bachelor's degree thiab tau pib ua haujlwm rau nws tus tswv. Willis hais tias kev txhawb nqa nws tau txais los ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm thiab lwm tus tub ntxhais kawm hauv tsev kawm tau pab nws ua tiav. Yees duab muab los ntawm Chasidey Willis

Hauv Detroit, tsuas yog 15% ntawm cov neeg nyob hauv nroog tau kawm tiav bachelor's degree lossis siab dua, thiab cov kws tshawb fawb tau tshaj tawm tias, thaum cov nyiaj hli hauv nroog xav tias yuav nce ntxiv, cov neeg nyob hauv Detroit yuav tau txais qhov nruab nrab ntawm $ 42,300 tsawg dua tshaj li lawv cov neeg kawm ntawv hauv nroog loj tshaj li tsib xyoos tom ntej no.

Thaum Chasidey Willis kawm tiav los ntawm Detroit's Mumford High School hauv 2017, nws tau txiav txim siab kawm tiav hauv tsev kawm qib siab - thiab ua nws raws sijhawm. 

Willis tau cuv npe kawm hauv Wayne County Community College District thiab ua tiav 16 txog 18 qhab nia txhua lub semester raws li tub ntxhais kawm-tus neeg ncaws pob thaum ua haujlwm ib nrab hnub hauv kev kawm ua haujlwm. Kev pw tsaug zog yog qhov tsis tshua muaj.

Tom qab ntawd-tus tub ntxhais hluas kawm tiav nws tus associate's degree hauv ob xyoos. Nws hloov mus rau ib lub tsev kawm ntawv plaub xyoos, tau txais nws daim bachelor's degree hauv psychology, thiab tam sim no nws kawm tiav nws tus master's degree hauv kev kawm tshwj xeeb.

Tab sis Willis zaj dab neeg nyob deb ntawm cov qauv: Tsawg dua 20% ntawm Wayne County Community College District cov tub ntxhais kawm ua tiav qib kawm tiav hauv ob xyoos. Kev txhawb tus nqi ntawd yog nyob ntawm ntau lub hom phiaj hauv cheeb tsam siv zog ua kom tiav.

Willis tau hais tias qhov kev txhawb nqa uas nws tau txais ntawm WC3 yog "qhov sib txawv kiag li" dua li nws lub tsev kawm ntawv plaub xyoos ntawm University of Massachusetts Lowell. Willis tau hais tias nws kawm tiav raws sijhawm los ntawm tsev kawm qib siab hauv zej zog vim nws txoj kev txiav txim siab thiab nrog kev txhawb nqa los ntawm cov phooj ywg, kws qhia, kws pab tswv yim thiab WC3 cov neeg ua haujlwm. Lawv tau hais kom nws tuav qhov tsawg kawg nkaus 3.0 qib-point nruab nrab thiab hais kom nws mus kawm cov chav kawm.

Lub tsev kawm ntawv qib siab muaj ntau yam kev pab txhawb nqa suav nrog zaub mov pantry, vouchers rau kev thauj mus los hauv nroog, lub txee dai khaub ncaws pub dawb, chaw nyob thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev thiab cov kws pab tswv yim txog kev puas siab puas ntsws rau cov tub ntxhais kawm nyuaj.

Curtis Ivery, tus thawj tswj hwm ntawm WC3, tau piav qhia lub tsev kawm ntawv txoj hauv kev ua tub ntxhais kawm thawj zaug. Tus thawj tswj hwm tau hais tias cov kws qhia ntawv thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm nquag hais lus rau cov tub ntxhais kawm txog lawv txoj kev kawm thiab kev muaj peev xwm ntawm kev sib raug zoo. 

Willis hais tias: "Kuv ntseeg hais tias Wayne County yog nyob deb ntawm ib lub tsev kawm ntawv zoo tshaj plaws uas kuv tau mus." 

Realizing American npau suav hauv Chicago 

Rau ntau tus tub ntxhais kawm nkag tebchaws zoo li Lien Tang, uas kawm hauv City Colleges ntawm Chicago's Truman College, cov teeb meem ntxiv tau ua rau muaj kev paub mus kawm ntawv qib siab thaum muaj kev sib kis hnyav dua. Ntau tus tub ntxhais kawm yuav tsum tau siv sijhawm ua haujlwm ntxiv los txhawb lawv tsev neeg, txhua tus thaum muaj teeb meem siv technology thiab hais lus Askiv tsawg. 

"Cov neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw feem ntau ntsib cov tsev kawm ntawv tshiab uas lawv yuav tsum tau taug kev, uas feem ntau nthuav tawm cov teeb meem yog tias lawv tsis paub qhov twg lossis yuav nkag mus tau li cas, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias lawv tsis yog lus Askiv tseem ceeb," said Sophia Rodriguez, tus kws qhia ntawv Chicago ESL yav dhau los uas tam sim no qhia ntawm University of Maryland's Teaching, Learning, Policy and Development Department. "Cov neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw ntsib ntau yam kev nyuaj, yog li lawv qhov tseem ceeb tsuas yog sim ua kom muaj sia nyob tus kabmob kis no."

Harry S Truman College yog ib qho ntawm xya Lub Tsev Kawm Qib Siab Hauv Nroog Chicago, uas ua haujlwm los txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm nkag tebchaws los ntawm kev cov nyom hauv lub neej thiab kev sib kis thoob qhov txhia chaw. Lub tsev kawm ntawv tau pom thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 9, 2021 hauv Chicago, Ill. Michelle Kanaar / Borderless Magazine

Raws li COVID-19 kev kub ntxhov thiab cov chav kawm virtual tau txuas ntxiv mus rau 21 lub hlis tam sim no, cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv tsev kawm qib siab hauv zej zog tab tom nrhiav txoj hauv kev los kho thiab txuas hauv ib puag ncig virtual.

Ntawm CCC, qhov feem pua ​​​​ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm tau txais credit uas txheeb xyuas tus kheej tias yog yug los sab nraud Asmeskas tau poob qis los ntawm 17% mus rau 13% hauv tsib xyoos dhau los. Tab sis ntau tus tseem cia siab rau Txoj Haujlwm Kev Kawm Rau Cov Neeg Laus, uas suav nrog cov lus Askiv uas tsis yog credit raws li cov chav kawm hom lus thib ob, cov chav kawm theem siab sib npaug thiab cov chav kawm npaj ua pej xeem. Raws li CCC tus neeg saib xyuas tub ntxhais kawm Imran Mohammad Fazal Hoque - ib tus neeg tawg rog tsis muaj tebchaws los ntawm Myanmar - kwv yees li 90% ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm hauv cov haujlwm no yog cov neeg tuaj txawv teb chaws tshiab rau lub tebchaws uas tsis muaj kev txawj lus Askiv.

Cov chav kawm ESL ntawm Truman tsis pub dawb thiab suav nrog cov chav kawm hloov pauv zaum kawg los npaj cov tub ntxhais kawm pib kawm credit. CCC kuj tseem ua haujlwm nrog cov chaw pabcuam neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw los muab cov peev txheej thiab nyiaj pabcuam rau cov neeg tsiv teb tsaws chaw xws li DACA cov neeg tau txais kev pabcuam uas yuav tsis tau txais kev pabcuam nyiaj txiag ib txwm muaj.

CCC cov kws qhia thiab cov neeg ua haujlwm tau nqis los pab cov tub ntxhais kawm ESL, mus kom deb li hu rau cov tub ntxhais kawm kom paub tseeb tias lawv tuaj yeem nkag mus rau hauv lawv cov chav kawm, tus neeg sawv cev CCC tau hais. Cov Tsev Kawm Qib Siab Hauv Nroog kuj qiv tawm laptops rau cov tub ntxhais kawm rau 60 hnub ib zaug. Thiab cov tub ntxhais kawm tuaj yeem ua kom zoo dua ntawm kev qhia ntawv virtual, hla tsev kawm ntawv tau tsim los thaum muaj kev sib kis.

Tang yog cov uas tawm tsam nrog cov chav kawm online. Nws muaj teeb meem nkag mus rau hauv nws tus account Zoom, ib qho teeb meem nws tus tub hnub nyoog nruab nrab tau pab nws daws. Tang kuj tau siv tus qiv nyiaj dawb Chromebook los ntawm CCC. 

Thaum muaj kev sib kis, kom ua tiav, nws tau pib ua haujlwm ua tus saib xyuas tus poj niam laus hauv Evanston. Thiab zoo li qee cov tub ntxhais kawm, Tang tau pom kev kawm virtual tuaj yeem ua tau yooj yim dua nrog tsev neeg thiab cov luag haujlwm ua haujlwm.

"(Nrog cov chav kawm online), koj tuaj yeem ua qee yam hauv tsev lossis koj tuaj yeem saib xyuas koj cov menyuam," nws hais. "Koj tuaj yeem ua haujlwm."

Hoque, pom kev tawm tsam ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm zoo li Tang, tau teeb tsa Phi Theta Kappa hwm zej zog los pab cov tub ntxhais kawm nkag tebchaws nkag mus rau cov chav kawm online thiab nkag siab txog kev siv lawv email los sib txuas lus nrog lawv cov xibfwb. Lub zej zog tseem muab cov kev pabcuam kev cob qhia hauv virtual thiab tuav cov xwm txheej sib tham thiab kev cob qhia nyiaj pabcuam.

Hoque hais tias "Thaum pib, nws nyuaj heev vim peb tsis paub tias yuav ua li cas," Hoque hais. “Tab sis ... peb yav dhau los qhov qub qub tsis zoo li qub lawm. Qhov no virtual yog ib txwm tam sim no. "

Zaj dab neeg no tau sau los ntawm Wisconsin Watch Managing Editor Dee J. Hall. Nws yog ib feem ntawm kev sib koom tes uas suav nrog Lub Tsev Haujlwm rau Cov Xov Xwm Tsis Txaus Siab, Cov Ntawv Xov Xwm Tsis Muaj Ciam Teb, BridgeDetroit, Sahan Journal thiab Wisconsin Watch. Txoj haujlwm no tau ua tiav nrog kev txhawb nqa los ntawm INN's Amplify News Project, uas nws cov peev txheej suav nrog Joyce Foundation hauv thaj av Great Lakes, thiab Robert R. McCormick Foundation hauv Chicago.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Becky Z. Dernbach / Sahan Journal

Becky Z. Dernbach yog ib lub koom haum koom nrog Kev Tshaj Tawm rau Asmeskas, qhov kev pabcuam hauv tebchaws uas tso cov neeg sau xov xwm rau hauv chav xov xwm hauv zos.

Mario Koran / Wisconsin Saibreporter

Mario Koran qhia txog kev kawm, kev nkag tebchaws thiab cov teeb meem cuam tshuam rau cov zej zog ntawm cov xim. Tsis ntev los no, Kaulees yog ib tug 2021 Knight Wallace qhia cov phooj ywg ntawm University of Michigan. Yav dhau los, Kaulees tau ua tus neeg sau xov xwm sab hnub poob ntug dej hiav txwv rau Tus Saib Xyuas US thiab siv tsib xyoos los qhia txog kev kawm rau Lub Suab ntawm San Diego, qhov uas nws tau raug hu ua 2016 tus neeg sau xov xwm ntawm lub xyoo los ntawm San Diego Society of Professional Journalists. Txij li thaum tawm hauv kev xyaum ua haujlwm nrog Wisconsin Watch hauv 2013, Kaulees txoj haujlwm tau tshwm sim hauv New York Times, The Appeal, thiab Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, thiab lwm yam. Kaulees tuav BA hauv Spanish cov ntaub ntawv thiab MA hauv kev sau xov xwm los ntawm University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Olivia Lewis / Choj Detroit

Olivia Lewis yog tus sau xov xwm rau BridgeDetroit. Nws yog yav dhau los tus neeg sau xov xwm rau Battle Creek Enquirer thiab Indianapolis Star. Nws kuj tau ua haujlwm pab dawb rau Kresge Foundation, Council of Michigan Foundations thiab Direct Relief International.

Ata Younan / Borderless Magazine

Ata yog tus kws tshaj xov xwm ntau yam. Raws li thawj tiam neeg Asmeskas Assyrian yug hauv Iraq, nws txaus siab tshawb nrhiav qhov nuance ntawm kev sib tshuam ntawm keeb kwm, kab lis kev cai thiab tus kheej. Thaum nws tsis sau ntawv, nws tswj hwm kev tsim khoom ntawm Northeastern Illinois University's Stage Center Theatre thiab dabbles hauv kev tsim yeeb yaj kiab. Xyoo no, nws tab tom tsim nws thawj zaj yeeb yaj kiab luv luv.