Nazir Al-Mujaahid, saum toj, thiab nws cov tub, hauv qab sab laug: Shu'aib, 9, Sayfullah, 3, Suraqah, 6, thiab Naser, 10, tau pom sab nraum lawv lub tsev nyob hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Xya Hli 8, 2021. Shu' aib thiab Sayfullah tau kuaj pom zoo rau cov qib siab ntawm cov hlau lead, ib qho neurotoxin uas ua rau lub hlwb thiab lub paj hlwb puas, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov menyuam yaus. Cov tsev neeg xav tias cov yeeb nkab txhuas uas nqa dej rau hauv lawv lub tsev yog rau txim. Nazir Al-Mujaahid yog nyob ntawm Milwaukeeans hu xov tooj rau lub nroog kom hloov pauv sai dua nws kwv yees li 70,000 cov kav dej txuas ntxiv. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 14 feeb

Daim no tsim tawm rau Xov Xwm Tshiab, ib lub koom haum xov xwm hauv zos hauv Northeast Wisconsin.

Microsoft tau muab kev txhawb nqa nyiaj txiag rau Greater Green Bay Community Foundation thiab Community Foundation rau cheeb tsam Fox Valley rau qhov kev pib no.

Zaum hauv nws lub tsev nyob sab qaum teb Milwaukee, Nazir Al-Mujaahid tau hais qhov tseeb txog qhov teeb meem uas nws tus tub Shu'aib ntsib, thaum lub hnub nyoog 9 xyoo nyob ntsiag to nyob hauv lwm chav. Shu'aib ua tau zoo ntawm kev ua kis las, Al-Mujaahid tau hais tias, tab sis nws cov txuj ci hais lus tau txhim kho lig, thiab nws tseem poob qab nws tus kwv uas muaj 6 xyoo nyeem ntawv.

Al-Mujaahid, 45, ntseeg tias kev lom tshuaj lom lead ua rau nws tus tub txoj kev loj hlob. Kev lees paub tseeb tias qhov twg cov hmoov txhuas tuaj yeem tuaj yeem ua tsis tau, tab sis Al-Mujaahid xav tias cov kav dej laus laus uas nqa dej haus rau hauv nws lub tsev. 

Lub nroog tau ntau xyoo tsis tau ceeb toom rau tsev neeg uas muaj peev xwm ua rau muaj kev phom sij hauv lawv lub tsev - lossis tias Shu'aib tau sau npe nce qib txhuas ua menyuam yaus hauv 2014, Al-Mujaahid tau hais. Peb xyoos tom qab ntawd, tsev neeg tau tso tseg haus ntawm lawv cov kais dej tom qab kawm txog kev pheej hmoo ntawm cov kav dej txhuas. 

"Kuv qhov kev paub txog nws tsis yog qhov teeb meem tiag tiag. Nws tau txais qee qhov kev tshaj tawm xov xwm, tab sis nws yog lus tso dag ntawm no, "Al-Mujaahid tau hais. "Kuv paub txog nws vim tias kuv tus tub tsis loj hlob ib txwm."

Shu'aib yog ntawm 9,600 Wisconsin cov menyuam yaus hnub nyoog qis dua 16 xyoo pom tias raug tshuaj lom los ntawm cov hlau lead ntawm xyoo 2018 thiab 2020, raws li Wisconsin Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv cov ntaub ntawv. Cov neurotoxin puas tsuaj rau lub hlwb thiab lub paj hlwb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov menyuam yaus, qee zaum ua rau muaj teeb meem kev kawm thiab kev coj cwj pwm thiab kev loj hlob stunted. 

Shu'aib Al-Mujaahid, 9, ua si nrog cov khoom ua si tsheb ntawm nws tsev neeg lub tsev xauj tsev hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Xya Hli 8, 2021. Hauv 2014, nws tau kuaj pom muaj kab mob lead lom, tab sis nws txiv hais tias cov thawj coj hauv nroog tsis tau ceeb toom rau tsev neeg tau ntau xyoo. Cov Al-Mujaahids tau tso tseg cov dej haus los ntawm lawv cov kais dej tom qab kawm txog kev pheej hmoo los ntawm cov kev pabcuam txhuas uas nqa dej mus rau hauv lawv lub tsev thiab ntau txhiab leej lwm tus hauv Milwaukee. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Ze li ob feem peb ntawm Wisconsin cov menyuam yaus uas muaj tshuaj lom nyob hauv Milwaukee County, qhov twg 5.6% ntawm cov menyuam yaus kuaj hauv 2020 muaj cov tshuaj lead hauv cov ntshav siab tshaj 5 micrograms ib deciliter, theem uas lub xeev txhais tias yog lom. Qhov ntawd yog piv rau 3.4% ntawm cov menyuam yaus hauv xeev. Wisconsin tau pom 23% tsawg dua cov menyuam uas tau kuaj cov txhuas ntawm 2019 thiab 2020 raws li qhov Kev kis thoob qhov txhia chaw tau khaws ntau tsev neeg tawm ntawm tsev kho mob mus kuaj mob

Cov menyuam yaus tuaj yeem dhau los ua cov tshuaj lom lead lom los ntawm kev noj cov xim, cov dej lead-tainted, av, plua plav lossis lwm yam khoom siv lead ua. Qee 90% ntawm Wisconsin cov menyuam yaus raug tshuaj lom nyob hauv tsev ua ntej xyoo 1950, raws li DHS. Cov tsev no feem ntau yuav muaj cov xim hlau lead thiab cov kav dej txhuas.

Gov. Tony Evers thiab Milwaukee Tus Thawj Kav Tebchaws Tom Barrett tau hu xovtooj mus hloov cov kev pabcuam kev ua haujlwm hnyav dua, tab sis lawv tus kheej lub chaw saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv feem ntau tsom mus rau kev hais daws cov xim txhuas thiab hmoov av, hu ua qhov kev phom sij tseem ceeb, ib yam li ntau tus kws tshaj lij thiab cov Teb Chaws Asmeskas Tiv Thaiv Kab Mob thiab Tiv Thaiv.

Txij li thaum 2016, thaum lub Flint, Michigan dej teebmeem tau tshaj tawm tias muaj kev puas tsuaj, Wisconsin tau hloov txog li 20% ntawm cov kab kev pabcuam uas paub ua los ntawm cov hlau lead thiab galvanized steel uas yuav muaj cov hmoov lead flake buildup — lossis lwm yam khoom uas yuav muaj txhuas, raws li Wisconsin Watch tsom xam ntawm lub xeev Public Service Commission cov ntaub ntawv. 

Txawm li cas los xij, Wisconsin tsis xav kom tsoomfwv hauv nroog kuaj cov dej haus thaum lub sijhawm tshawb nrhiav kev phom sij hauv tsev, txawm tias nws tuaj yeem ua rau 20% ntawm tus neeg tag nrho raug txhuas, raws li Asmeskas Chaw Haujlwm Tiv Thaiv Ib Puag Ncig - lossis txog li 60% rau cov me nyuam mos noj cov mis nyuj feem ntau sib xyaw

'Public Health Crisis' 

Me nyuam yaus cov hmoov lead lom lom nyob rau hauv Milwaukee thiab thoob plaws lub xeev tau txo qis tsis tu ncua nyob rau hauv kaum xyoo tsis ntev los no - nyob rau hauv txoj kab nrog lub teb chaws tiam sis txij li thaum cov hmoov lead tau phased tawm hauv cov xim thiab roj av. Txawm li cas los xij, Milwaukee xyoo 2020 tseem muaj feem pua ​​​​ntawm cov menyuam yaus raug tshuaj lom ntau dua tshaj Flint tau ua hauv 2015 tom qab cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv xeev tau pom zoo hloov dej haus yam tsis tau kho qhov corrosion - ua rau cov kua qaub rau hauv cov dej haus. 

Al-Mujaahid yog cov neeg nyob hauv tau hais kom Milwaukee cov tub ceev xwm txhawm rau txhawb kev tiv thaiv kab mob lom tshuaj lom - suav nrog los ntawm kev tshawb nrhiav kev pheej hmoo los ntawm cov hmoov txhuas hauv cov dej haus thiab ua kom nrawm hloov cov kab kev pabcuam txhuas. 

Kev hu xovtooj los tsom mus rau kev phom sij ntawm dej haus tuaj raws li Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Milwaukee nrhiav kev rov tsim kev ntseeg siab hauv peb lub xyoos txij li Barrett tshaj tawm tias lub tuam tsev. ua tsis tau tejyam taug qab seb nws ceeb toom Ntau txhiab tsev neeg uas kuaj pom muaj kab mob lead lom hauv lawv cov menyuam. Lub nroog tab tom tos qhov xaus ntawm kev tshawb nrhiav kev ua txhaum cai uas cov xov xwm hauv nroog tau txuas nrog lub chaw saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv cov lus teb rau kev ua rau menyuam yaus lom lom zem. Thawj xyoo Milwaukee Health Commissioner Kirsten Johnson muaj hu ua lead lom lub nroog "kev sib kis ua ntej (COVID-19) kev sib kis" thiab nws qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws los daws. 

Tom Iglinski, tus kws tshaj lij engineering nrog lub nroog Milwaukee, tuav ib txoj kab kev pabcuam kev hloov pauv rau lub Rau Hli 29, 2021. Txij li xyoo 2017, Milwaukee Water Works hais tias nws tau hloov pauv 3,881 cov kav dej txhuas. Hloov lub nroog qhov seem 70,000 cov kab kev pabcuam hauv lub sijhawm ntawd yuav siv sijhawm ntau dua 70 xyoo thiab raug nqi ntau pua lab nyiaj. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Qee lwm lub nroog Wisconsin loj - tshwj xeeb yog Madison thiab Green Bay - tau hloov tag nrho lawv cov kav dej txhuas. Tab sis Milwaukee yog qhov loj dua thiab tau teeb tsa exponentially ntau cov kev pabcuam ua haujlwm ntau dua li lwm tus. Txawm hais tias feem ntau cov zej zog tau txav deb ntawm cov kab kev pabcuam ua haujlwm los ntawm xyoo 1920, Milwaukee daig nrog cov hlau lead ntev dua. nyob rau hauv kev lag luam lobbying - hais kom lawv siv mus txog rau xyoo 1948 thiab tos txog xyoo 1962 txwv tsis pub lawv. 

Wisconsin cov zej zog tau hloov ntau dua 115,000 cov khoom siv hluav taws xob thiab cov khoom siv ntiag tug txij li xyoo 2016, thaum lub xeev tau tsim ib qho kev pab cuam los pab cov nqi hluav taws xob hloov kho tshiab uas tuaj yeem raug nqi ntau txhiab daus las rau ib lub raj xa dej, Wisconsin Watch tsom xam qhia. Tseem nyob rau xyoo 2020 txawm li cas los xij: kwv yees li ntawm 465,000 cov kav xa dej ua los ntawm cov hlau lead lossis lwm yam khoom uas muaj kev phom sij. (Feem ntau cov kab kev pabcuam muaj xws li cov khoom siv hluav taws xob thiab cov khoom ntiag tug.)

Milwaukee muaj hloov tsawg dua 1,000 ntawm nws cov kab kev pabcuam tag nrho txhua xyoo txij li thaum pib nws txoj kev siv zog hauv xyoo 2017. Kev hloov cov kav dej 70,000 cov kav hlau txuas ntxiv ntawm qhov ntawd yuav siv sijhawm ntau dua 70 xyoo, thiab cov nqi tag nrho yuav raug nqi ntau pua lab daus las uas cov thawj coj hauv nroog hais tias lawv tsis muaj. 

Wisconsin Pawg Thawj Tswj Hwm ntawm Republican tau tsis lees txais Democratic Gov. Tony Evers 'kev thawb ntau xyoo los txhawb cov nyiaj txiag rau kev hloov cov kav dej thoob plaws lub xeev, nrog qee cov Republicans hais tias nyiaj ntau dhau yuav ntws mus rau Milwaukee. Tsoom fwv cov peev nyiaj tuaj yeem muab kev cia siab tshaj plaws, suav nrog kev txhawb nqa nyiaj txiag thoob ntiaj teb uas tuaj yeem them rau cov kav xa dej thiab Thawj Tswj Hwm Joe Biden tus nqi tsim kho vaj tse, ib qho qauv uas US Senate pom zoo thaum lub Yim Hli.   

Tab sis qee cov neeg nyob hauv nkees tos, hais tias Milwaukee yuav tsum ua kom tshem tawm cov kav dej yog qhov tseem ceeb dua.

"Nws yog teebmeem kev noj qab haus huv rau pej xeem," Derek Beyer, tus thawj coj ntawm pawg thawj coj ntawm Tau Tus Lead Out, ib pab pawg ntawm Milwaukee pab pawg sib ntaus sib tua kom nrawm dua. "Nws tsis yog ib qho kev xaiv los tos 30 xyoo ntxiv lossis txawm li cas los xij, thov rau qee cov nyiaj uas tej zaum yuav tsis tuaj."

Tsev neeg tsis ceeb toom

Tsev neeg Al-Mujaahid tau xauj ib lub tsev nyob hauv thaj tsam Dub Roosevelt Grove feem ntau txij li xyoo 2014. Lub tsev muaj cov kab kev pabcuam, cov ntaub ntawv hauv nroog qhia, tab sis Al-Mujaahid paub me ntsis txog cov kev phom sij txog li ob peb xyoos tom qab. Thiab xyoo 2017, kev ntsuas ntiv tes kuaj pom 11.4 micrograms ib deciliter ntawm cov hlau lead hauv Shu'aib cov ntshav, ua rau Milwaukee Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv tau ceeb toom rau tsev neeg hauv tsab ntawv tias "Tsib tshuaj lom neeg yog mob hnyav uas tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev coj cwj pwm thiab kev kawm teeb meem."

Qhov kev sim no tuaj thaum Shu'aib, tom qab 4 xyoos, tab tom txhim kho nws txoj kev hais lus qeeb dua li nws cov phooj ywg, Al-Mujaahid tau hais, ntxiv tias nws tau nkag siab ntau dua li lwm tus menyuam yaus. Tsev neeg thawj zaug xav tias muaj mob autism. 

Nrog rau tsab ntawv ceeb toom, lub tuam tsev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv tau xa cov ntawv tshaj tawm txog yuav ua li cas txo cov menyuam yaus raug lead thiab thov nyiaj los hloov lub qhov rais lossis tshem tawm lwm yam kev phom sij hauv tsev.

Ntawm sab laug, Suraqah Al-Mujaahid, 6, thiab nws cov kwv tij Sayfullah, 3, Naser, 10, thiab Shu'aib, 9, ua si nrog cov tsheb ua si ntawm lawv lub tsev Milwaukee thaum Lub Xya Hli 8, 2021. Shu'aib thiab Sayfullah tau kuaj pom qhov zoo. rau qib siab ntawm cov hlau lead, ib qho neurotoxin uas ua rau lub hlwb thiab lub paj hlwb puas tsuaj, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov menyuam yaus. Cov tsev neeg xav tias muaj tshuaj lom ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam rau Shu'aib txoj kev hais lus thiab kev nyeem ntawv. Kev lees paub qhov twg cov hmoov txhuas tuaj yeem ua tsis tau, tab sis tsev neeg liam tias cov kav hlau lead uas nqa dej mus rau hauv tsev. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Nws tsis yog thawj zaug uas Shu'aib tau kuaj pom muaj kab mob lead lom. Ib qho kev sim xyoo 2014 tau chij 6.4 micrograms ib deciliter hauv Shu'aib cov ntshav. Tsis muaj kev ntsuam xyuas tam sim ntawd tau teem sijhawm, cov ntaub ntawv qhia, thiab Al-Mujaahid tau hais tias nws tsis tau ceeb toom txog qib siab. Lub tuam tsev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv tsis tuaj yeem lees paub tias nws txoj cai ceeb toom tam sim no rau kev ntsuas tsawg kawg 5 micrograms ib deciliter nyob rau lub sijhawm, tus cev lus Emily Tau hais rau Wisconsin Watch.

“Peb tsis tau txais dab tsi tiag tiag txog xyoo tom qab. Yog li peb tseem tsis tau paub tias peb yuav tsum tau txhawj xeeb heev, "Al-Mujaahid tau hais.

Milwaukee Water Works tau sim cov dej haus hauv tsev tom qab Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service profiled tsev neeg cov dab neeg coj nyob rau hauv 2018. Peb qhov kev kuaj pom muaj cov hlau lead hauv nruab nrab ntawm 0.35 txog 2.5 feem ntawm ib billion (ppb), cov ntaub ntawv qhia. Qhov ntawd nyob deb ntawm EPA qhov kev hloov pauv tsis ntev los no 15 ppb "theem ua haujlwm" - qhov ua rau cov dej hauv pej xeem ua haujlwm xws li hloov cov kav dej thiab kev kawm. 

Tab sis ntau tus kws tshaj lij hu ua tsoomfwv qib siab dhau los, txiav txim siab tias tsis muaj qib ntawm cov hlau lead raug pom tias muaj kev nyab xeeb. Biden's EPA muaj ncua thiab tab tom tshuaj xyuas Trump cov thawj coj tswj hwm txoj cai hloov kho uas yuav tawm hauv qib kev nqis tes ua. 

Cov Al-Mujaahids tau khiav tawm ntawm cov kais dej tom qab kawm txog cov kav dej txhuas hauv lawv lub tsev. Rau kev haus thiab ua noj, lawv siv 5-gallon jugs ntawm cov khw muag khoom. Thiab tsev neeg xav paub seb puas muaj cov hmoov lead-tainted dej ntws los ntawm lawv yav dhau los North Side Milwaukee lub tsev xauj tsev, qhov chaw lawv nyob thaum Shu'aib tau sim thawj zaug. Lub tsev ntawd kuj muaj cov kab kev pab cuam, lub nroog cov ntaub ntawv qhia. 

Department ntsib kev soj ntsuam

Tsev neeg qhov kev paub tsis yog qhov tshwj xeeb. Thaum Lub Ib Hlis 2018, Barrett tshaj tawm hais tias nws lub chaw haujlwm tau txheeb xyuas "kev tswj tsis raug thiab qhov tsis txaus ntseeg" hauv Milwaukee Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv tau ua raws li cov tsev neeg txog kev nce qib hauv cov menyuam yaus. Feem ntau, lub tuam tsev tau ploj mus txog seb nws puas tau ua raws li 8,000 cov tsev neeg nyob rau peb xyoos uas cov menyuam tau sau npe nce cov ntshav txhuas. 

A 2020 Public Health Foundation tshawb xyuas pom tias lub tuam tsev tau ua tiav kev txhim kho cov txheej txheem tshuaj lom tshuaj txhuas, tab sis nws ua tsis tiav tag nrho cov kev tsis txaus ntseeg tau txheeb xyuas ua ntej 2018. Ntawm cov teeb meem nyob rau hauv cov teeb meem: "tsis muaj txiaj ntsig thiab tsis muaj txiaj ntsig" cov ntaub ntawv thiab cov txheej txheem soj ntsuam rau kev kuaj ntshav, qeeb thiab tsis ua tiav qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm kev soj ntsuam ntawm cov hlau lead. , tos ntev rau cov tsev nyob ruaj ntseg rau cov menyuam yaus uas muaj cov ntshav txhuas siab thiab tsis muaj kev lav phib xaub hauv kev siv nyiaj txiag. Lub tuam tsev xyoo no lees paub tias nws ua tsis tau raws li tsev neeg ntawm ntau tus menyuam yaus uas raug tshuaj lom, thiab nws tab tom npaj kev tshuaj xyuas tshiab.

Tyler Weber, Tus Lwm Thawj Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv hauv Milwaukee tau hais rau Wisconsin Watch hauv tsab ntawv tshaj tawm tias "Kev kov yeej cov teeb meem no thiab kho cov teeb meem tsis raug cai yog ib txoj haujlwm tseem ceeb uas yuav siv sijhawm," Tyler Weber, Tus Lwm Thawj Coj Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv hauv Milwaukee tau hais rau Wisconsin Watch hauv tsab ntawv tshaj tawm, ntxiv tias nws pab neeg tau mob siab rau ua kom tau sai sai . 

Ua ntej pleev xim 

Barrett, Evers thiab Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources muaj rau xyoo Tshaj tawm rau pej xeem lub tswv yim ntawm kev tshem tawm cov raj xa dej hnyav - tab tom tos nyiaj txiag, hu rau cov dej lead-tainted yog ib qho kev hem thawj tseem ceeb. Tab sis cov neeg saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv tseem tseem ceeb tshaj qhov xim ntawm cov dej haus thaum tshawb xyuas cov teeb meem txhuas hauv tsev.

Weber tau hais tias "Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Milwaukee tau tsom mus rau kev txo cov hmoov txhuas hauv cov xim thiab cov av, vim tias cov xim hlau lead-raws li kev phom sij yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev cuam tshuam cov hlau lead hauv zej zog Milwaukee," Weber tau hais. "Txawm li cas los xij, peb paub tias kev lom tshuaj lom neeg txhuas kuj tuaj yeem tshwm sim los ntawm cov dej haus tsis huv, yog li Milwaukee Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv tau faib cov lim dej dawb rau txhua tus neeg hauv nroog Milwaukee uas xav kom lawv tshem tawm qhov txaus ntshai mus txog thaum Milwaukee Water Works tuaj yeem hloov txoj kab kev pabcuam rau. lub tsev.”

Ib tug kws tshaj lij rau Wisconsin Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv, uas tau cog lus nrog lub chaw saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv nroog txhawm rau taug qab cov tsev neeg tom qab kuaj pom muaj kev phom sij rau cov hmoov lead lom, cov dej haus tsis zoo hauv email rau Wisconsin Watch.

"Dej tsis yog ib qho teeb meem hauv Wisconsin txoj kev pleev xim thaum nws los ua tshuaj lom," tus cev lus Elizabeth Goodsitt, tau sau. 

Qhov ntawd sib piv nrog lwm cov kev tswj hwm Evers. Evers txij li xyoo 2019 tau ua tsis tiav tau thawb Pawg Neeg Saib Xyuas kom pom zoo $ 40 lab rau kev hloov pauv cov coj mus ntxiv, thiab nws tus thawj coj DNR, Preston Cole, hais nyob rau lub Xya Hli: "Peb paub tias cov kav dej laus tuaj yeem ua rau cov dej haus ua rau muaj teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov menyuam mos thiab menyuam yaus."

Wisconsin cov chaw saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv nroog hauv xyoo 2019 tau txheeb xyuas cov xim hlau lead uas muaj kev phom sij hauv 97% ntawm kev tshawb fawb txog qib ntshav siab, Goodsitt tau sau tseg, thiab lawv tau chij lwm yam kev phom sij tsuas yog 3% ntawm lub sijhawm. Qhov tsis sib xws tau nthuav dav hauv 2020, nrog rau kev tshawb nrhiav cuam tshuam txog 99% ntawm lub sijhawm. 

Tab sis lub tuam tsev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv nroog tsuas tshawb xyuas ib feem ntawm cov kab mob lom tshuaj lom hauv Wisconsin, thiab lawv tsis tshua sim cov dej haus - txhais tau tias feem ntau cov dej haus muaj kev phom sij yuav tsis cuam tshuam nrog cov ntaub ntawv no. 

Lub xeev tso cai rau kev tshawb nrhiav thiab kev tswj xyuas cov xwm txheej rau cov menyuam yaus tsuas yog thaum ib qho kev kuaj ntshav venous pom tsawg kawg 20 micrograms ib deciliter ntawm cov hlau lead - lossis yog tias ob qhov kev sim ua tsawg kawg 90 hnub sib nrug pom cov hmoov txhuas ntawm 15 micrograms ib deciliter. Qhov ntawd yog deb tshaj li 5-microgram qhov pib uas lub xeev txhais tias yog lom. Goodsitt hais rau Wisconsin Watch hais tias "Cov ntshav coj mus rau theem uas (chaw saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv zos) cuam tshuam yog nyob ntawm lawv cov ntaub ntawv thiab cov peev txheej," Goodsitt hais rau Wisconsin Watch. 

Tsis tas yuav tsum kuaj dej

"Lub tuam tsev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv tsis tas yuav tsum tau sim dej ua ib feem ntawm lawv qhov kev tshawb nrhiav kev phom sij thiab nws tsis tshua muaj cov qauv dej sau thaum tshawb nrhiav," DHS hais rau Wisconsin Watch hauv email los ntawm lwm tus kws tshaj lij, Jennifer Miller. "Xwb, yog tias muaj lus nug txog cov dej peb ib txwm hais kom txhim kho cov lim dej ntawm qhov chaw siv, lossis tsev neeg siv lwm qhov chaw paub dej nyab xeeb (lub raj mis)." 

Cov kws tshawb nrhiav qee zaum sim dej los ntawm qhov dej ntiag tug, DHS ntxiv. 

Milwaukee muab - thiab txhawb nqa - kev sim dej haus rau cov tsev neeg thaum tshawb nrhiav ntshav siab, tab sis ua li ntawd yuav tsum tau kev tso cai los ntawm txhua tus neeg xauj tsev, Tau hais hauv email. Cov dej yuav tsum nyob twj ywm hauv cov kab kev pabcuam tsawg kawg yog yim teev. Tau hais tias "Qhov no ua rau muaj kev sib tw ntxiv rau cov tsev uas muaj ntau tsev neeg, duplexes, triplexes, thiab lwm yam. thiab qee tus neeg xauj tsev xaiv xaiv tawm ntawm qhov ntsuas dej vim li ntawd," Tau hais.

Ib tus neeg ua haujlwm uas tau txheeb xyuas nws tus kheej nkaus xwb yog Nate flares tooj liab tubing raws li cov neeg ua haujlwm sib pauv cov kab dej ua haujlwm rau cov kav dej tooj liab hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Rau Hli 29, 2021. Txij li xyoo 2017, Milwaukee Water Works hais tias nws tau hloov 3,881 cov kav dej ua los ntawm cov hlau lead uas yuav ua rau muaj kev phom sij. Kev tshem tawm lub nroog qhov seem 70,000 cov kav hlau lead ntawm qhov ntawd yuav siv sijhawm ntau dua 70 xyoo thiab raug nqi ntau pua lab nyiaj. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Henry Anderson, ib University of Wisconsin-Madison tus kws tshaj lij ntawm pej xeem kev noj qab haus huv thiab kws tshaj lij ntawm cov kab mob ib puag ncig thiab kev ua haujlwm, hais tias qhov tseem ceeb ntawm cov xim phom sij ua rau muaj kev nkag siab zoo - tshwj xeeb yog tiv thaiv cov menyuam yaus uas tuaj yeem caij nkoj ncig lub tsev. 

Anderson, Wisconsin tus qub thawj coj saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv xeev tau hais tias "Muaj ntau cov hlau lead hauv cov xim pleev xim dua li muaj nyob hauv khob dej." "Thaum muaj ib lub tsev qub, nws muaj cov xim pleev xim rau ntawm phab ntsa, lawv nkag mus ib puag ncig, muab lawv txhais tes rau hauv lawv lub qhov ncauj - thiab txhais tes nplaum. Thiab yog li kev noj cov xim pleev xim tseem tseem ceeb. "

Tab sis Virginia Tech University engineering xibfwb Marc Edwards, leej twg pab nthuav tawm Flint qhov dej tsis zoo, yog ntawm cov kws tshaj lij uas tawm tsam tsoomfwv uas txaus ntshai downplay dej haus lub luag hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov tshuaj lom lead lom los ntawm kev tsom mus rau xim. Edwards tau hais tias tsoomfwv tau ntsib "kev tsis sib haum xeeb loj" hauv kev txheeb xyuas kev phom sij los ntawm cov xim los ntawm cov dej haus, vim tias tsoomfwv feem ntau muaj cov kav dej - thiab tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm kev foob liam cov tuam txhab pleev xim ntawm kev puas tsuaj rau pej xeem kev noj qab haus huv los ntawm kev faib cov khoom siv lead ua.

Yog tias tsoomfwv tsis muaj cov kav dej, cov cai tswjfwm yuav muab cov hmoov txhuas hauv av, xws li hauv Milwaukee. 

Edwards tau hais tias "Yog tias nws yog xim txhuas tiag tiag yog qhov txaus ntshai, ces cov hmoov lead hauv dej yog qhov txaus ntshai heev," Edwards hais. "Txhua tus neeg uas hais tias nws yog 90% cov xim txhuas yog qhov yooj yim heev ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws thiab kev dag ntxias ntawm qhov phem tshaj plaws."

Them rau kev hloov pauv

Al-Mujaahid xav kom nws lub tsev cov kev pabcuam ua haujlwm hloov pauv, tab sis cov lus nug looms: Leej twg yuav them? Cov tswv tsev hauv Milwaukee thiab cov nroog Wisconsin feem ntau muaj feem ntawm cov kab kev pabcuam los ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb mus rau hauv tsev. Municipalities tsuas yog lub luag haujlwm ntawm qhov chaw nres tsheb thiab lub ntsiab dej. Lub xeev txoj cai txwv tsis pub cov neeg ua haujlwm hauv nroog los ntawm kev ua haujlwm tsim kho ntiag tug, thiab cov kev pabcuam ib nrab tuaj yeem hloov pauv ua phem rau cov hlau lead.

Wisconsin txoj cai lij choj 2017 tso cai rau cov khoom siv los pab nyiaj rau kev hloov pauv sab nraud. Cov nyiaj pab muab los ntawm kev siv hluav taws xob tsis tuaj yeem thim rov qab ntau dua li ib nrab ntawm cov nqi hloov pauv ntawm cov kev pabcuam ntiag tug sab, tab sis cov khoom siv hluav taws xob kuj tseem tuaj yeem muab qiv, thiab qee qhov nyiaj pab hauv xeev thiab tsoomfwv.

Milwaukee nyob rau xyoo tas los no tau tso cai hloov cov kav hlau lead uas pom tias muaj kev cuam tshuam lossis xau - thiab cov uas ua haujlwm rau tsev kawm ntawv ntiav thiab cov chaw zov me nyuam. Rau kev hloov pauv, lub nroog kev pab them nqi txwv lub tab rau cov tswv cuab koom nrog rau $ 1,843. Cov khoom uas muaj ntau tshaj plaub chav nyob tsis tsim nyog rau kev sib faib nqi rau kev hloov pauv. Kuj tsis tsim nyog tau txais cov nyiaj pab: Milwaukee cov tswv tsev uas xaiv los hloov cov kab kev pabcuam thaum tsis xav tau. Lawv yuav tsum them 100% ntawm daim nqi.

Al-Mujaahid tau hais tias nws tus tswv tsev tsis muaj kev txaus siab rau kev them nyiaj rau lub raj xa dej tshiab, thiab Al-Mujaahid tsis xav them nyiaj rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov khoom uas nws tsis muaj. Lub nroog yuav tsum tau ris lub luag haujlwm tag nrho rau cov kav dej ua haujlwm uas nws tau txib ntau xyoo dhau los, nws hais. "Nws yog lawv lub luag haujlwm, tsis yog kuv."

Nazir Al-Mujaahid sau lub raj mis dej los ntawm 5-nkas loos lub taub ntim dej hauv khw muag khoom hauv nws lub tsev nyob hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Xya Hli 1, 2021. Cov tsev neeg tau tso tseg cov dej kais dej tom qab kawm txog kev pheej hmoo los ntawm cov kev pabcuam txhuas uas nqa dej mus rau hauv. lawv tsev thiab ntau txhiab leej nyob hauv Milwaukee. Txij li xyoo 2017, Milwaukee Water Works hais tias nws tau hloov 3,881 cov kav dej uas ua los ntawm cov hlau lead uas muaj kev phom sij. Hloov lub nroog qhov seem 70,000 cov kab hlau lead ntawm qhov nrawm yuav siv sijhawm ntau dua 70 xyoo thiab raug nqi ntau pua lab nyiaj. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Txij li xyoo 2017, Milwaukee qhov chaw siv hluav taws xob hais tias nws tau pauv 3,881 cov kav dej. Cov neeg tawm tswv yim xav kom ceev nrawm dua los hloov cov 70,000 ntxiv.

“Tsis muaj kev zam txim rau lub sijhawm no rau qhov xwm txheej peb pom peb tus kheej niaj hnub no. Nws yog kev ua txhaum cai, "said Robert Miranda, tus cev lus rau Milwaukee-based Freshwater for Life Action Coalition. "Dab tsi tshwm sim hauv Milwaukee yog kev ua txhaum cai rau tib neeg, yog kev ua txhaum cai rau peb kev noj qab haus huv, thiab tib neeg yuav tsum tau lav ris."

Tab sis Karen Dettmer, Milwaukee Water Works superintendent, pom "kev vam meej" hauv kev hloov pauv thiab hu ua Milwaukee qhov kev pab cuam dej haus "ib qho zoo tshaj hauv lub tebchaws." Nws hais txog cov khoom siv hluav taws xob Kev ua raws li EPA's embattled Lead thiab Copper Rule txij li xyoo 1990s, thaum nws pib khiav cov tshuaj tiv thaiv corrosion los ntawm nws cov kav dej. Txawm li cas los xij, Dettmer tau hais tias nws nkag siab qhov kev hu xov tooj tuaj tos qhov nrawm ntawm kev hloov pauv.

Dettmer hais rau Wisconsin Watch tias "Qhov kev txaus siab txaus siab ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm raug xaiv nyob hauv nroog Milwaukee yuav yog los hloov cov kev pabcuam thawj zaug kom sai li sai tau," Dettmer hais rau Wisconsin Watch. "Tab sis tib lub sijhawm, lawv qhia kuv cov kev txhawj xeeb txog tus nqi rau cov neeg them nqi thiab tus nqi rau cov tswv cuab."

Kev hloov pauv tag nrho: $ 800 lab

Hloov chaw pej xeem thiab ntiag tug ntawm txhua qhov kev pabcuam hauv Milwaukee yuav raug nqi txog $800 lab, lub nroog kwv yees. Qhov ntawd yog qhov sib npaug ntawm ntau tshaj ib nrab ntawm cov lub nroog tag nrho 2021 pob nyiaj siv, uas suav nrog $ 4 lab hauv cov raj xa dej pab rau cov tswv cuab los hloov 1,100 cov kab kev pabcuam. 

Barrett tau hais qhia txog kev nqis peev ntau ntawm ntau lab nyiaj pab kev sib kis thoob ntiaj teb rau kev kho cov xim hlau lead, thiab nws tab tom tos saib seb Biden daim nqi tsim kho vaj tse puas yuav xa nyiaj ntxiv rau kev hloov cov kav dej. Qhov ntawd tuaj yeem txiav txim siab seb lub nroog tseem ceeb npaum li cas nws cov nyiaj hauv tsoomfwv, nws hais hauv lub Tsib Hlis

Qhov $ 1 trillion US Senate-pom zoo version ntawm Biden lub tswv yim suav nrog $ 15 nphom rau kev hloov cov raj xa dej thoob tebchaws. Daim nqi no ntsib qhov tsis paub meej yav tom ntej hauv Tsev, qhov chaw uas Democrats feem ntau tau thawb rau daim nqi loj dua. Biden thawj zaug tau thov $ 45 nphom rau cov kav dej.

Los ntawm sab laug: Tom Iglinski, Jericho Gomez thiab Ryan DeBelak yog ib feem ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm plaub tus neeg ua haujlwm los hloov cov kav dej ua haujlwm hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Rau Hli 29, 2021. Wisconsin cov zej zog tau hloov ntau dua 115,000 qhov chaw siv hluav taws xob thiab cov khoom ntiag tug. kab kab txij li xyoo 2016, raws li Wisconsin Watch tsom xam. Tseem nyob rau xyoo 2020, txawm li cas los xij: kwv yees li 465,000 qhov kav dej ua los ntawm cov hlau lead lossis lwm yam khoom uas muaj kev phom sij. Isaac Wasserman / Wisconsin Saib

Tab sis nyiaj txiag ib leeg yuav tsis tshem tawm txhua yam teeb meem rau kev txhim kho Milwaukee cov kav dej. Eying cov neeg ua haujlwm laus thiab cov teeb meem ntawm kev nrhiav cov neeg ua haujlwm hloov pauv uas tsim nyog thaum muaj kev ua haujlwm tsis txaus, Dettmer hais tias khaws cov neeg ua haujlwm txaus los ua kom cov kev pabcuam hloov pauv sai yuav tsis yooj yim.

Nws tau hais tias "Peb muaj ntau cov nyiaj laus uas tau los nyob rau hauv ob peb xyoos dhau los," nws hais ntxiv tias lub nroog tab tom thawb rau kev txhim kho cov neeg ua haujlwm. "Peb muaj cov neeg so haujlwm uas peb saib xyuas zoo heev uas tau los rau lawv 35 xyoo kev pabcuam hauv nroog, thiab peb cia siab tias lawv yuav tau txais txiaj ntsig ntawm lub sijhawm so haujlwm ntawd."

Cov kav dej tsis muaj txhuas hauv qee lub nroog

Qee lub nroog Wisconsin twb tau hloov tag nrho lawv cov kav dej txhuas lawm. Madison yog tus lub teb chaws thawj qhov kev siv hluav taws xob ua li ntawd - $ 19.4 lab qhov project uas tau siv kaum xyoo los ua kom tiav pib xyoo 2001. Lub nroog Ameslikas muaj 8,000 cov kab kev pabcuam, ib feem ntawm Milwaukee cov khoom muag, thiab cov tswv tsev tau them txog 20% ​​ntawm tus nqi. Madison tau pib qhov kev siv zog tom qab ua txhaum EPA cov qauv kev coj ua thiab txiav txim siab tias lwm txoj kev daws teeb meem - khiav orthophosphate, tiv thaiv corrosion, los ntawm cov kav dej - yuav ua rau Madison lub pas dej, ua rau cov algae tawg.

Cov neeg ua haujlwm siv hluav taws xob ua qauv qhia txog kev hloov pauv cov kab hluav taws xob hauv Eau Claire, Wis., thaum Lub Rau Hli 29, 2021. Kev txhawb nqa los ntawm kev tshaj tawm xov xwm thoob plaws hauv dej hauv Flint, Michigan, Eau Claire tau hloov ntau pua ntawm nws 1,266 cov kab kev pabcuam txij li xyoo 2017. thiab muaj lub hom phiaj kom tiav los ntawm 2023. Madeline Fuerstenberg / Wisconsin Saib

Green Bay tau koom nrog Madison cov thawj coj-dawb nyob rau lub Kaum Hlis thaum nws ua tiav tsib xyoos kev siv zog los hloov tag nrho 1,782 cov khoom siv hluav taws xob thiab 247 tus kheej cov kab hlau lead. Tus nqi tag: $ 6.2 lab rau pej xeem-sab hloov thiab $ 1.2 lab ntawm tus kheej sab. Tus nqi dej nce ntxiv, tsoomfwv cov nyiaj pab thiab cov nyiaj pab hauv lub xeev tau pab nyiaj rau qhov project. Txhawm rau pib hloov cov kav dej, cov tswv tsev tau hu rau tus neeg cog lus ntiag tug thiab thov rau cov nqi hluav taws xob kom them tag nrho cov nqi. 

"Kuv tau ua haujlwm ntawm pawg thawj coj thiab pawg thawj coj hauv tebchaws, ib yam nkaus, qhov uas koj tuaj yeem tsis raug nqi-txiav txim rau tag nrho cov kev pabcuam kev hloov pauv uas yuav muab tshuaj rau," said Nancy Quirk, Green Bay Water Utility tus thawj coj. "Tab sis peb tau xav tias peb xav tau tshem tawm ntawm qhov chaw ntawm cov hlau lead, uas peb tsis xav tso cov phosphorus ntxiv rau hauv tus dej Fox - uas twb muaj cov chaw tuag thiab cyanotoxins loj hlob."

Qee tus tswv tsev tau tawm tsam thawj zaug, nrhiav kev zam kom tsis txhob cuam tshuam ntawm cov kav dej ua haujlwm, Quirk tau hais. Tab sis lub nroog thaum kawg xav kom txhua tus tswv tsev ua haujlwm nrog cov nqi hluav taws xob los pauv cov kav dej txhuas, hem kom nplua cov neeg tsis ua raws. Green Bay kuj tau ntsib cov teeb meem kev teeb tsa uas cov kav dej muaj cov txhuas thiab ua kom cov neeg ua haujlwm nyab xeeb thaum muaj kev sib kis, Quirk ntxiv.

Kev txhawb nqa los ntawm Flint qhov teeb meem dej, Eau Claire tau hloov ntau pua ntawm nws 1,266 cov kab kev pabcuam ua haujlwm txij li xyoo 2017 thiab muaj lub hom phiaj kom tiav los ntawm 2023. Ib txoj cai hauv nroog xav kom hloov cov kab txhuas thaum lawv ntsib, thiab cov neeg nyob hauv cov zej zog laus - tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov ua ntej xyoo 1940 - tuaj yeem thov rau kev hloov pauv. Cov nyiaj DNR tso cai rau cov nqi hluav taws xob, uas yog cov neeg nyob ib puag ncig los txhawb txoj haujlwm, kom them ncaj qha rau cov neeg cog lus txog $ 2,600 rau ib kab kev pabcuam, tawm hauv cov nqi ntxiv rau cov tswv tsev. Lane Berg, tus thawj tswj kev siv hluav taws xob rau lub nroog, hais tias cov tswv tsev feem ntau dais tsis tau nqi.

"Qhov loj tshaj plaws uas kuv pom ntawm qhov kev zov me nyuam - kev txhim kho - yog thaum lub nroog pib them nyiaj rov qab rau tus neeg cog lus ncaj qha," Montana Birt ntawm Montana thiab Tub Grading hais rau Wisconsin Watch thaum lub sijhawm hloov cov kav dej hauv Eau Claire. "Yog li ntawd nws yuav siv tag nrho lub nra ntawm tus tswv tsev."

Tab sis hauv Milwaukee, Al-Mujaahid tau ploj kev ntseeg tias nws lub tsev cov kav dej yuav raug tshem tawm. Tsev neeg tab tom xav txog kev tawm mus - los tiv thaiv kev noj qab haus huv ntawm lawv cov menyuam thiab kom dim ntawm lub nroog uas muaj kev sib cais tsis txaus ntseeg uas yog nyob ntawm qhov chaw nyuaj tshaj plaws hauv lub tebchaws rau cov neeg nyob hauv African-Asmeskas kom ua tiav, raws li qee qhov kev tshawb fawb.

Nws tau hais tias "Kuv qhov khoom tsuas yog sawv tawm ntawm no," nws hais. “Muaj tsawg kawg qhov chaw uas tsis muaj cov kab no. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws tawm ntawm lub tebchaws no. "

Diana Butsko yog Edmund S. Muskie qhia cov phooj ywg rau Wisconsin Watch. Nws tab tom kawm ntawm Southern Illinois University los ntawm Fulbright scholarship. Madeline Fuerstenberg ntawm Wisconsin Watch tau pab qhia. Wisconsin Watch (wisconsinwatch.org) koom tes nrog Wisconsin Public Radio, PBS Wisconsin, lwm yam xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Journalism thiab Mass Communication. Txhua yam haujlwm tsim, luam tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Wisconsin Watch tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam txog kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm nws cov koom tes.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Diana Butsko / Wisconsin SaibEdmund S. Muskie qhia cov phooj ywg

Diana Butsko tau koom nrog Lub Tsev Haujlwm thaum Lub Rau Hli 2021 raws li Edmund S. Muskie qhia tus khub. Tam sim no, nws tab tom kawm txog kev nom kev tswv ntawm Southern Illinois University los ntawm Fulbright scholarship. Diana muaj yuav luag tsib xyoos ntawm kev tshaj tawm kev paub hauv Ukrainian thiab Lavxias xov xwm. Nws hais lus Ukrainian thiab Russian. Nws nyob hauv Madison.