Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 8 feeb
Zoo li ntau tus neeg mob nyob rau hauv qhov xwm txheej zoo sib xws, Maneisha Gaston tau tsis meej pem kom paub tias Tsev Kho Mob Froedtert tau foob nws thiab nws tus tub kom rov qab tau tus nqi kho lawv cov tsheb sib tsoo. Nws pib txhawj xeeb txog cov ntaub ntawv thov rau lub tsev uas nws tau zoo siab yuav tau peb xyoos dhau los ntawm Milwaukee's North Side. Hloov chaw, daim ntawv foob raug cai yuav txo cov nyiaj them poob haujlwm uas nws yuav tau txais los ntawm kev foob hais txog kev sib tsoo - yog tias ib tus raug foob. Gaston pom ntawm no sab nraum nws lub tsev thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 21, 2020. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib

Wisconsin Saib yog lub koom haum tsis muaj txiaj ntsig thiab tsis koom nrog xov xwm. Subscribe rau peb nawb tsab ntawv xov xwm kom tau txais peb cov dab neeg tshawb nrhiav thiab xov xwm hnub Friday sib sau ua ke.

https://wisconsinwatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/nws201222-BS-LIENS.mp3
Mloog Bram Sable-Smith daim ntawv tshaj tawm suab rau WPR thiab nws qhov kev sib tham hauv xov tooj cua hauv zej zog WORT.

Maneisha Gaston tau tsav tsheb sab hnub poob ntawm Milwaukee Txoj Kev Brown nrog nws tus tub uas muaj 15 xyoo thaum lwm tus neeg tsav tsheb sib tsoo ntawm daim paib nres, tsoo rau hauv lub tsheb thauj tus neeg caij tsheb thiab khiav tawm ntawm qhov chaw.

Gaston rov qab hais txog qhov teeb meem thaum Lub Kaum Hli hais tias, "tag nrho lub qhov rooj tau tsoo zoo li ib daim ntawv," 

Gaston, 43, xav tau kev pab los ntawm nws tus tub thiab tub ceev xwm kom khiav ntawm lub tsheb tag nrho. Nws thiab nws tus tub raug mob raug mob, uas nws tsis kam qhia ntau tshaj qhov quaj ntawm nws lub taub hau los ntawm daim iav pom tom qab.  

Gaston tsis lees txais kev kho mob los ntawm kws kho mob ntawm qhov chaw. Hloov chaw, nws niam tuaj tsav Gaston thiab nws tus tub mus rau chav kho mob ceev hauv Froedtert Tsev Kho Mob hauv Milwaukee. Gaston, uas tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv kev noj qab haus huv, rov qab tos nyob ze li ob teev ua ntej tau txais kev xoo hluav taws xob, ibuprofen, Tylenol thiab cov lus qhia kom taug qab nrog nws tus kws kho mob. 

Peb lub lis piam tom qab, nws tau kawm los ntawm ntawv pov thawj tias tsev kho mob ua ntawv yuam cai $ 2,314.98 tiv thaiv nws thiab ib qho tiv thaiv nws tus tub rau $ 1,044.34 - txhawm rau kom them nws daim nqi los ntawm kev mus ntsib. Tabsis nws ho txhais li cas?

Gaston txhawj xeeb txog daim ntawv muaj cai yuav lub tsev uas nws tau txaus siab yuav peb lub xyoo dhau los ntawm Milwaukee Sab Qaum Teb. Tsis yog li ntawd. Hloov chaw hais plaub yuav txo tus nqi them uas nws yuav tau txais los ntawm qhov muaj kev sib hais txog kev sib tsoo - yog tias tau ua ntaub ntawv. 

Gaston tau hais tias "Lawv nyuam qhuav xa daim nqi no tuaj rau kuv hais tias lawv yuav tso lub npe rau kuv lub npe, thiab kuv txaj muag." "Kuv yuav tsum tau nrhiav ib co lus qhia."

Maneisha Gaston thiab nws tus tub tau raug mob thaum Lub Kaum Hli 2020 thaum lwm tus neeg tsav tsheb tau tsoo lub cim nres thiab tsoo rau cov neeg caij tsheb ntawm nws lub tsheb ua ntej khiav tawm ntawm qhov chaw. Peb lub lis piam tom qab tau txais kev kho mob rau nws raug mob ntawm Tsev Kho Mob Froedtert hauv Milwaukee, Gaston tau kawm los ntawm cov ntawv pov thawj uas lub tsev kho mob tau thov txog $ 3,300 hauv kev lav phib xaub rau nws thiab nws tus tub - kom them tau nws daim nqi los ntawm kev mus ntsib, vim nws tsis muaj ntawv pov hwm kev noj qab haus huv. Gaston pom ntawm no sab nraum nws lub tsev hauv Milwaukee thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 21, 2020. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib

Froedtert ntau zuj zus ntxiv rau txoj kab kev txiav nyiaj raug mob los ntawm kev ua ntawv foob. Cov ntawv foob tuaj yog lub tsev kho mob tau cog lus tseg rau kev ncaj ncees kom tsis txhob foob cov neeg mob kom tiv nuj nqi thaum lub sij hawm THAWJ-19 muaj thoob qhov loj. 

Lub Plaub Hlis, Froedtert poob ntau dua kaum ob foob kev foob tom qab Wisconsin Saib / WPR tshawb pom tsev kho mob thiab lwm tus nyob hauv Wisconsin tau foob cov neeg mob thaum kis tus mob loj uas tawm tsam them nqi kho mob. Froedtert tau cog lus tias yuav ncua qee qhov kev foob me me. Lub tsev kho mob tau ua raws li cov lus cog tseg ntawd - thaum ua daim ntawv foob ntau dua rau cov neeg mob. Qee lub tsev kho mob rau lwm qhov chaw, suav nrog Froedtert Qab Teb hauv Kenosha, yog txuas ntxiv mus foob cov neeg mob ntau dua li kev lav nuj nqis, qhov ua nruj ua tsiv ntxiv uas tuaj yeem ua kev puas tsuaj keeb kwm kev them nyiaj.

Froedtert foob 362 lub tsev kho mob tuav txog thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 11 ntawm lub xyoo no, suav nrog 251 txij thaum Lub Tsib Hlis. Uas tau tshaj tawm ntawm 300 daim liens nws foob hauv txhua qhov ntawm 2019.

Stephen Schooff, tus cev lus ntawm Froedtert Health tau hais tias lub tsev kho mob lub tsev ntim khoom yuam "mus raws li tus xov tooj ntawm Froedtert Health tsev kho mob los ntawm kev sib tsoo tsheb."

Qhov tseeb tiag, Milwaukee Lub Nroog Xyoo no muaj pom kev nce hauv cov tsheb sib tsoo loj, txawm hais tias thaum lub sib kis thoob qhov txhia chaw uas muaj tsheb tsawg.  

"Froedtert Health ua raws cov txheej txheem ua ntawv foob raws li tau teev tseg hauv Wisconsin Lub Tsev Kho Mob Txoj Cai Lien Statute thiab tsuas yog sau cov ntawv tuav pov hwm yuav sau los ntawm cov neeg sab nrauv txoj kev them nqi," Schooff hais ntxiv hauv email.

Qhov kev coj ua tseem yuav tshwm sim ntawm cov tsev khomob uas tsis tau paj tshab hauv Wisconsin. SSM Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv, uas muaj cov tsev kho mob thiab tsev kho mob thoob plaws xeev Wisconsin, tau sau tsawg kawg 116 daim ntawv muaj cai yuav xyoo no txawm tias Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 11, lub tsev hais plaub cov ntaub ntawv qhia. UW Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv hauv Madison tau teev tsawg kawg 67, thaum La Crosse-based Gundersen Health System tau tso cai yam tsawg 49. Aspirus Wausau Tsev Kho Mob ua ntawv thov tsawg kawg 13 ib daim ntawv muaj cai yuav. 

Kelly Lietz, Wisconsin tus kws lij choj tau hais tawm hauv tsev kho mob hais tias, "Cov Tsev Khomob sim ua kom sib npaug ntawm lawv lub luag haujlwm los saib xyuas cov neeg saib xyuas zoo. "Cov tsev kho mob tsis nyiam mus tom tsev tu plaub lossis sau ntawv yuam, yog li cov kev nqis tes ua kawg yog qhov kawg, tsuas yog tom qab tag nrho lwm txoj kev xaiv lawm sab kawg nkaus."

Thomas Russell, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm UW Health, tau hais tias tsev kho mob yuav tsum yog "muaj tsawg kawg nkaus thiab tsuas yog hais txog kev daws teebmeem ntawm tus kheej."

Tab sis kev ua daim ntawv kuav khoom tsis muaj cai yuav ua rau cov neeg mob tsis meej pem.

Lance Trollop, tus kws lij choj raug mob rau hauv Wausau tau hais tias "Lawv xav tam sim ntawd - xws li thaum ib tus neeg foob rau hauv koj lub tsev, lossis lawv yuav them koj cov nyiaj ua haujlwm," "Nws txaus ntshai thaum koj muaj tag nrho cov no los ntawm koj tam sim, nrog cov nqi kho mob thiab kev tuav pov hwm hu thiab cov ntawv."

Cov ntawv muaj cai yuav tau siphon tshem tawm ntau ntawm cov neeg mob cov nyiaj raug mob. Thiab qhov kev them nqi no ib txwm ntau dua li tsev kho mob yuav sau los ntawm tus pov hwm rau tib yam kev saib xyuas.

Cov neeg tawm tswvyim pab cuam hais tias cov txheej txheem piav qhia txog ib txoj hauv kev Asmeskas kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv tawm mus rau cov neeg mob tsis muaj kev pov hwm rau cov nqi kho mob "tsis tseeb" uas tsis cuam tshuam tus nqi kho mob tiag tiag. 

Liens ua haujlwm li cas

Gaston zoo rau cov neeg muaj mob nyob hauv tsev kho mob, cov kws tshaj lij hais tias: cov neeg mob tsis muaj mob vim tsheb sib nraus, txawm hais tias kev tuav pov hwm tseem tuaj yeem foob tau rau lwm qhov cuam tshuam nrog kev tsis saib xyuas lossis kev coj tsis zoo.  

Kev them nuj nqis kho mob uas tsis them yuav siv sijhawm ntau xyoo los hloov mus ua ntawv foob cov lus foob me. Liens, ntawm qhov tod tes, tshwm sim kuj sai sai. Cov tsev kho mob yuav tsum xa lawv tsis pub dhau 60 hnub tom qab tso tawm tus neeg raug mob, raws li Wisconsin tsab cai lij choj, uas txwv cov ntawv foob rau lub tsev kho mob pub dawb. Vim tias lub sijhawm txwv kev cai nruj heev, qee tus kws lij choj kev lag luam khomob txhawb tsev kho mob ua ntawv thov txawm tias ua ntej kawm cov ntaub ntawv kev tuav pov hwm ntawm tus neeg mob.

Thaum muaj kev cai lij choj sib hais txog kev raug mob, tsev kho mob tau them ua ntej tus neeg mob tawm. 

Wisconsin cov tsev kho mob feem ntau ua ntawv tiv thaiv rau cov neeg koom nrog tsheb sib nraus vim tias lawv yooj yim dua rau cov ntaub ntawv, hais Trollop. Kev raug tsoo feem ntau ua rau tub ceev xwm qhia nrog cov npe ntawm cov neeg koom nrog, lawv cov tuam txhab pov hwm thiab lwm cov ntaub ntawv muaj txiaj ntsig. Cov mob no tseem yuav ua rau kom them nyiaj, Trollop ntxiv.

Piv txwv li cov neeg tau txais Lien tsis muaj ntawv pov hwm, tab sis cov tsev kho mob kho qee cov neeg mob uas tsis muaj kev pov hwm - cov uas tau tso npe rau hauv Medicare, piv txwv - tej zaum yuav xaiv seb puas yuav kom them nqi rau cov pej xeem tus neeg them nyiaj

Yog tias tus neeg mob tsis ua ntawv foob txog lawv qhov raug mob hauv tsev kho mob tseem tuaj yeem sim sau cov nuj nqis hauv lwm txoj kev - suav nrog kev foob tus neeg mob, Trollop hais.

Lub tsev kho mob lien tau foob Maneisha Gaston zaum ntawm nws lub txee chav ua noj hauv Milwaukee. Qee tus neeg tsis meej pem tom qab paub tias lub tsev kho mob tau foob lawv kom rov them cov nqi kho lawv qhov raug mob. "Lawv txoj kev xav tam sim no yog - zoo li thaum ib tus neeg ua ntaub ntawv rau koj lub tsev, lossis lawv yuav them koj cov nyiaj ua haujlwm, hais tias Lance Trollop, tus kws lij choj raug mob ntawm tus kheej hauv Wausau. "Nws txaus ntshai thaum koj muaj tag nrho cov no tuaj ntawm koj ib zaug, nrog cov nqi kho mob thiab kev tuav pov hwm hu thiab cov ntawv." Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib

Gaston yuav tsum them ntau npaum li cas yog tias Froedtert caum qab them nyiaj sab nraud ntawm daim ntawv pov thawj? Tias tsis meej. Tab sis muaj peev xwm tsawg heev yog tias nws tau thov kev pab nyiaj pub dawb.  

Zoo li lwm lub tsev kho mob tsis yog, Froedtert muab kev pab cuam txog kev siab hlub - ib feem ntawm nws txoj kev mob siab ua tus nonprofit los ua haujlwm rau zej zog nyob rau hauv kev sib pauv rau kev txiav se thiab lwm cov txiaj ntsig. Cov neeg mob uas khwv tau txog li ob thiab ib nrab lub sijhawm tsoomfwv theem neeg txom nyem tuaj yeem tsim nyog tau txais kev saib xyuas dawb raws li qhov kev pabcuam, thaum cov neeg mob siab dua tus nqi yuav raug tsim nyog rau tus nqi txo ntawm 65- txog 90% ntawm lub ntsuas kev swb.

Froedtert cov nuj nqis uas daws los ntawm qhov kev sib hais txog kev raug mob yog qhov tsis tsim nyog rau kev saib xyuas kev sib hlub, Schoof hais. 

Gaston piav qhia txog nws cov nyiaj khwv tau los ua tus kws tshuaj lag luam tam li "me ntsis saum toj no" qhov $ 43,100 txhua xyoo txwv rau nws thiab nws tus tub tsim nyog tau txais kev saib xyuas dawb raws li tsev neeg muaj ob.

Thaum nws mus ntsib Froedtert thaum Lub Kaum Hli, Gaston tau hais tias qee tus neeg muab nws cov ntaub ntawv txog tsev kho mob txoj cai kev pab nyiaj thiab qhia nws tias ib tug neeg yuav hu xov tooj txog nws txoj kev xaiv nqi. Gaston tau txais cov lus tshaj tawm txog kev xa nqi. Nws tau txais lub tsev kho mob liens hauv ib lub lis piam lossis ob hnub tom qab, nws hais. 

Tus neeg mob tshuav nqi npaum li cas?

Hauv kev sau nqi kwv yees $ 3,300 hauv daim ntawv tiv thaiv tiv thaiv Gaston thiab nws tus tub, Froedtert tseem yuav xav nrhiav "tus nqi chargemaster" - cov nqi rau cov nqi kho mob.

Maneisha Gaston tau pom hauv chav ua noj ntawm nws lub tsev Milwaukee thaum Lub Kaum Ob Hlis 21, 2020. Nws haum rau cov ntaub ntawv ntawm cov neeg uas ntsib kev tsis txaus siab hauv tsev kho mob, cov kws tshaj lij hais tias: cov neeg mob tsis muaj kev pov hwm uas tau kho rau kev raug mob hauv tsheb sib tsoo. Kev sib tsoo feem ntau tsim cov tub ceev xwm ceeb toom nrog cov npe ntawm cov neeg koom nrog, lawv cov tuam txhab pov hwm thiab lwm yam ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb. Cov xwm txheej no kuj tseem yuav ua rau muaj kev daws teeb meem lossis kev txiav txim los ntawm lub tsev kho mob yuav them. Coburn Dukehart / Wisconsin Saib

Mary Fons, tus kws lij choj pab tiv thaiv cov neeg siv khoom hauv Stoughton tau hais tias "Nws yog kuv qhov kev paub txog kev tiv thaiv tsev hais plaub hauv tsev kho mob uas nws nyuaj rau tsev kho mob ua pov thawj txog cov nqi tsim nyog ntawm lawv cov kev pabcuam". "Lawv nyuam qhuav muaj lawv cov nqi." 

Nicholas Bagley, tus kws qhia ntawv qib siab hauv University of Michigan tau piav qhia txog tus nqi chargemaster tias "cov ntawv tseeb" uas yuav tsum yog qhov pib rau kev sib tham tus nqi.

Bagley hais tias, "Cov tuam txhab pov hwm yuav tsum yog peb tus neeg sawv cev," "Thiab lawv yuav tsum sib tham nrog cov tsev kho mob loj no kom tau txais cov nqi tsim nyog rau cov kev pabcuam uas lawv muab."

Tus thawj coj ua haujlwm rau cov chaw tuav pov hwm, nws ntxiv, vim tias cov tuam txhab tuav tau ntau lub tsev kho mob thiab tsev kho mob; lawv them cov nqi kho mob ntau tus neeg mob thiab tuaj yeem hem kom tsis suav cov tsev kho mob thiab cov chaw kho mob los ntawm lawv cov tes hauj lwm. Tab sis cov txheej txheem no tawg rau cov neeg pluag thiab tsis muaj kev pov hwm, ua rau lawv nrog “tus nqi sau tsis raug” rau kev saib xyuas.  

Cov neeg mob ib leeg - txawm cov kws lij choj - tsis muaj hwj chim sib cav ntawm lub tuam txhab kev pov hwm. Trollop, tus kws lij choj Wausau, tau hais tias cov tsev kho mob tsis muaj lub luag haujlwm ua kom tawg paj, txawm hais tias qee zaum lawv ua.

James Payne, tus kws lij choj raug mob rau tus kheej hauv Kenosha, txawm hais tias daim ntawv muaj cai yuav mus txog ib nrab tus nqi hauv qhov kev sib hais yuav ua rau tus neeg mob ntau dua li cov neeg them nyiaj ntiag tug yuav them rau kev saib xyuas ib yam - thiab ntau dua li Medicare thiab Medicaid yuav them.

Qee qhov kev tuav pov hwm hauv tsev kho mob tuaj yeem cuam tshuam kev daws teeb meem kev raug mob, tshwj xeeb yog tias lawv loj, Trollop hais. Kev sib hais haum yuav ua rau me ntsis tsis paub meej, piv txwv li, yog tsev kho mob xav kom tau ib qho nqi ntxiv nyob ze ntawm lub hau uas tus neeg tsav tsheb cov kev pov hwm txhaum cai txaus siab them.

Trollop tau hais tias, "Kuv tus neeg yuav tsis tau xee tawm ntawm kev them nyiaj uas tsuas yog them rov qab hauv tsev kho mob," "Tus tsis muaj kev fajseeb yuav mus kev deb nrog nyiaj tsawg nyob rau thaum kawg."

Tsis foob, tab sis tseem tshuav nuj nqis  

Tom qab txiav txim siab nws cov kev xaiv nrog tus kws lij choj, Gaston hais tias nws yuav tsis foob tus tsav tsheb uas suav nrog nws lub tsheb. Tus neeg tsav tsheb tsis muaj kev tuav pov hwm tsheb, nws hais tias, nws yuav ntsib qhov raug mob thiab raug them nyiaj. Kev zam kev cai lij choj yuav ua rau Froedtert lien moot. Tab sis nws cov ntawv kho mob tseem tsis tau them nqi, thiab qhov teeb meem no tuaj yeem siv sijhawm ntev dua los daws.

Gaston hais tias nws tsis muaj $ 3,300 ntxiv tsuas yog zaum nyob ib puag ncig, tab sis nws yeej npaj yuav muab daim phiaj yog qhov tsim nyog. 

Schooff, Froedtert tus kws tshaj lij, tau hais tias daim ntawv muaj cai yuav tsis tso cai rau tus neeg mob los thov kev saib xyuas mob nkeeg. (Nws tsis tuaj yeem teb ncaj qha rau Gaston qhov teeb meem vim kev txiav txim siab tsis pub lwm tus paub.)

"Froedtert Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv txuas ntxiv ua haujlwm nrog cov neeg mob ntsig txog kev tawm tswv yim nyiaj txiag thiab tso cai rau cov neeg mob uas muaj kev txom nyem nyiaj txiag uas tau them nyiaj yuav raug ncua sijhawm them nyiaj thaum tau txais kev pabcuam nyiaj txiag los tham nrog lawv," nws tau sau ntawv hauv email. 

Raws li nws tau txheeb xyuas tom qab nws sib tsoo, Gaston tseem tseem rov qab los ntawm COVID-19, uas nws tau ntes ob peb lub lis piam ua ntej Thanksgiving.

Tom qab nws tawm ntawm 10 hnub ntawm kev rho tawm, Gaston kawm paub tias nws niam pog tuag los ntawm cov xwm txheej tsis cuam tshuam txog COVID-19, ua rau ib xyoo nyuaj txawm nyuaj. Tam sim no nws tab tom noj qab haus huv hauv kev pam tuag coj tsev neeg ua ke.

Koj puas muaj nuj nqis?

Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Nyiaj Txiag muaj cov lus qhia dav dav rau cov neeg tiv nuj nqi no, thiab cov nyob hauv nroog yuav sau ntawv foob no

Lub chaw haujlwm ntawm Cov Neeg Sawv Cev Zej Zog yuav hu rau 800-452-3328 lossis 608-264-7969.

ABC rau Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv thiab tseem pab cov neeg nyob hauv Wisconsin uas muaj teeb meem txog nuj nqis kho mob lossis lwm yam teeb meem. Koj tuaj yeem hu rau lub koom haum ntawm 608-261-6939.

Xeev Wisconsin Kev Cai Lij Choj, lub tuam txhab tsim kev cai lij choj uas tsis tau paj tshab rau tsoomfwv, kuj tseem muaj kev pab ntau rau cov neeg tau nyiaj tsawg ntsib teebmeem nrog nuj nqis lossis lwm yam teeb meem thaum lub sijhawm KEVID-19 muaj teebmeem. Koj tuaj yeem hu rau 855-947-2529. 

Zaj dab neeg no los ntawm kev koom tes ntawm Wisconsin Watch thiab WPR. Bram Sable-Smith yog WPR's Mike Simonson Cov Lus Nug Tshawb Fawb Qhia Txog Khub Tshaj Tawm rau hauv chav xov xwm ntawm Wisconsin Watch (ntawm wisconsinwatch.org), uas koom tes nrog WPR, PBS Wisconsin, lwm cov xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab Tsev Kawm Ntawv University of Wisconsin-Madison Kev Sau Ntawv thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus. Txhua yam haujlwm tau tsim, tshaj tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Wisconsin Watch tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam cov kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm cov koom tes.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Bram Sable-Smith / Wisconsin SaibWPR Mike Simonson Memorial Investigative Reporting Fellow

Bram Sable-Smith tau koom nrog Lub Chaw hauv 2019 raws li Wisconsin Public Radio Mike Simonson Memorial Investigative Reporting Fellow. Ua ntej yuav tsiv mus rau Wisconsin nws tau siv tsib xyoos tshaj tawm txog kev saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv ntawm KBIA hauv Columbia, Missouri thiab ua tus kws tshaj xov xwm ntawm Side Effects Public Media, cov xov xwm pej xeem tshaj tawm kev sib koom tes hauv Midwest. Nws kuj qhia xov tooj cua journalism hauv University of Missouri School of Journalism. Bram tau pab cov dab neeg rau National Public Radio's Morning Edition thiab Txhua Yam Pom Zoo, American Public Media's Marketplace thiab Kaiser Health News. Nws tshaj tawm tau txais ob lub teb chaws Edward R. Murrow khoom plig, ob lub teb chaws Sigma Delta Chi khoom plig, ib qho khoom plig rau kev noj qab haus huv los ntawm Association of Health Care Journalists thiab lwm yam. Bram yog tus paub lus Spanish thiab kawm tiav Washington University hauv St. Louis.