tus kws yees duab sawv ntawm lake michigan
Kev txhawj xeeb loj zuj zus txog cov tshuaj endocrine cuam tshuam hauv Great Lakes thiab lwm cov dej saum npoo av. Thaum noj ntses ntau dhau yog qhov txaus ntshai, tsis muaj ib tus kws tshaj lij qhia kom zam kev ua luam dej. Lake Michigan, Lub Yim Hli 2012. Andy Hall / Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism
Sijhawm Nyeem Ntawv: 5 feeb
Qhov project nplooj

nyeem ntxiv los ntawm lub Center qhov kev tshawb fawb ntawm endocrine disruptors nyob rau hauv ib puag ncig.

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Endocrine disruptors: Kuv yuav ua li cas? Cov kws tshaj lij cov lus qhia txog kev txwv cov tshuaj lom neeg thiab koj tus kheej cuam tshuam rau ib puag ncig.

Dej Saib Wisconsin

Cov dab neeg no tau tshaj tawm txoj haujlwm tshiab loj, Water Watch Wisconsin. Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism, Wisconsin Public Radio thiab Wisconsin Public TV tab tom tshuaj xyuas Wisconsin cov dej kom zoo. Dab neeg tswv yim? Email water@wisconsinwatch.org.

Txuas thiab cov peev txheej ntawm kev cuam tshuam endocrine

Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws thiab lub xeev cov tsoomfwv tau tshaj tawm cov lus qhia tsis txaus ntseeg txog kev pheej hmoo tshuaj hormones cuam tshuam rau tib neeg, tab sis University of Wisconsin-Madison tus kws kho mob endocrinologist Ellen Connor tsis tos txog kev txiav txim plaub ntug.

Txhawm rau tiv thaiv nws cov menyuam, Connor tau muab pov tseg tag nrho nws cov thawv yas qub uas yuav muaj qhov xav tias muaj qhov cuam tshuam txog endocrine. Nws siv cov zaub tshiab kom tsis txhob muaj tshuaj lom neeg hauv cov kab hauv lub kaus. Nws microwaves khoom hauv iav ntau dua li yas. Nws nyeem cov ntawv sau ntawm tes xab npum.

Connor hais tias, "Kuv cov menyuam, kuv sim txwv lawv qhov kev raug mob," Connor hais.

Cov kws tshawb fawb thiab tsoomfwv muaj qhov sib npaug nyuaj los tswj xyuas thaum sib tham txog kev pheej hmoo rau pej xeem. Lawv tseem tsis paub ntau txog kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov tshuaj no. Lawv tsis xav ua lub tswb tsis raug.

Thiab txawm tias ib zaug nkag siab zoo dua, cov kev pheej hmoo yuav xav tau hnyav tiv thaiv cov txiaj ntsig ntau cov tshuaj no kuj muab.

Tsis muaj kaum ob tus kws tshaj lij tau xam phaj pom zoo tias tib neeg tsis txhob haus dej hauv qhov dej lossis ua luam dej kom tsis txhob paub lossis xav tias muaj cov tshuaj cuam tshuam txog endocrine uas tau pom hauv pas dej, dej ntws thiab dej hauv av.

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, ntau tus kws tshawb fawb tau hais tias lawv tau pib sim txwv lawv tus kheej thiab lawv cov menyuam raug mob, siv txoj hauv kev "zoo dua li thov txim".

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency tus kws tshawb fawb Mark Ferrey tau pom cov kab mob uas xav tias muaj kab mob endocrine cuam tshuam thoob plaws hauv Minnesota cov dej. Nws tsis tau sim txwv tsis pub kis rau nws tus kheej lossis nws ob tug tub hlob, "tab sis yog tias kuv muaj me nyuam mos, kuv yuav ceev faj ntau dua txog qhov lawv raug." Kate Golden/Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

Mark Ferrey ntawm Minnesota Pollution Control Agency siv lo lus "kev ntxhov siab."

"Koj yuav tsum ceev faj heev kom yoj tus chij liab thiab ceeb toom rau cov neeg nyob rau theem ntawd, vim tias qhov ntawd tsis yog qhov peb tab tom tham txog," said Ferrey, tus kws tshawb fawb uas tau pom cov kab mob endocrine cuam tshuam hauv cov pas dej thiab cov kwj deg thoob plaws Minnesota txij thaum nws pib. saib xyoo 2007.

Nws hais tias, "Ntawm qhov tod tes," nws hais tias, "koj yuav tsum muaj peev xwm ua rau qee qhov kev ntxhov siab uas kuv xav txog qhov cov ntsiab lus no yuav ua li cas ntawm cov concentrations no."

Qee qhov kev taw qhia tau tshwm sim.

Wisconsin Txoj Cai Lij Choj xyoo 2010 txwv tsis pub BPA hauv cov me nyuam mos fwj thiab cov khob sippy tom qab Milwaukee Journal Sentinel tau tshaj tawm qhov khoom plig. series, "Chemical Fallout," ntawm nws cov kev pheej hmoo. US Food and Drug Administration tau ua raws li xyoo 2012.

Minnesota Department of Health, ntawm nws lub vev xaib, pom zoo hais tias cov niam txiv sim txwv lawv cov menyuam kom raug BPA thiab lwm yam "cov tshuaj muaj kev txhawj xeeb tshwj xeeb" hauv lawv lub tsev. BPA tseem tuaj yeem pom nyob rau hauv cov hnab ntim khoom thiab lwm yam khoom yas.

Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton tsis ntev los no tau tshaj tawm tsab ntawv tshaj tawm txwv lub xeev cov koom haum los ntawm kev yuav cov xab npum lossis tshuaj ntxuav tes uas muaj triclosan, uas cuam tshuam rau cov muaj zog endocrine cuam tshuam hu ua dioxins.

Wisconsin tus kws saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv hauv xeev Henry Anderson tau hais tias nws tsis paub txog kev yuav khoom thoob plaws hauv lub xeev no. Lub Xeev Lub Chaw Saib Xyuas Kev Tu Hlwb tso tseg tsis yuav cov xab npum nrog triclosan, raws li tus kws tshawb fawb hauv lub xeev Jocelyn Hemming, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm endocrine cuam tshuam. Kev kis kab mob nrog triclosan tuaj yeem cuam tshuam qee qhov kev ntsuas rhiab tau ua nyob rau ntawd.

Tab sis ntau txhiab lwm yam tshuaj kuj xav tias muaj kev cuam tshuam endocrine, thiab tsis tshua paub txog lawv feem ntau. Ib tsab ntawv ceeb toom los ntawm nonprofit Pew Health Group tau sau tseg tias feem ntau ntawm 80,000 chemicals hauv kev lag luam "tsis tau raug kuaj rau kev mob qog noj ntshav."

Ellen Connor, University of Wisconsin-Madison tus kws kho mob endocrinologist. Credit: University of Wisconsin-Madison

Connor hais tias, "Nws nyuaj tsis ua rau tib neeg txhawj xeeb txog ntau yam," Connor hais tias, tom qab tau khiav dhau los ntawm ntau qhov kev xav txog kev noj qab haus huv - qhov txawv txav ntawm qhov chaw mos, qog, qis cov phev suav, ntshav qab zib, thaum ntxov laus - thiab cov npe ntev sib npaug ntawm kev txhawj xeeb. tshuaj.

Muaj peev xwm cuam tshuam kev noj qab haus huv loj tab sis tsis paub meej

Cov kab mob endocrine cuam tshuam nrog lub cev cov cim qhia, uas teb nrog kev nkag siab zoo rau cov tshuaj hormones me me xws li estrogen lossis testosterone.

Vicki Blazer, tus kws tshawb fawb hauv Teb Chaws Asmeskas Geological Survey National Fish Health Research Laboratory tus kws tshawb fawb hauv West Virginia tau hais tias "Lub cev endocrine, txawm tias nws nyob hauv peb lossis hauv ntses, yeej cuam tshuam rau txhua feem ntawm peb lub neej. "Txawm hais tias nws yog ib qho kev yug me nyuam, kev loj hlob, metabolism - thiab rau tib neeg, txawm tias ntau yam kev puas siab puas ntsws thiab kev xav."

Tshawb nrhiav cov ntses loj tua hauv Chesapeake Bay watershed, Blazer pom cov ntses bass thaj tsam me nyob ntawd pom. cov paib kev cuam tshuam ntawm endocrine, nrog rau cov txiv neej loj hlob tsis paub qab hau poj niam qe hlwb hauv lawv cov qes.

Tab sis nws hypothesizes tias intersex nws tus kheej, thaum muaj kev cuam tshuam, tej zaum tsuas yog ib tug chij liab rau qhov teeb meem tiag tiag: tias cov tshuaj ua rau ntses ntau dua rau cov kab mob.

Kev txhawj xeeb loj zuj zus txog cov tshuaj endocrine cuam tshuam hauv Great Lakes thiab lwm cov dej saum npoo av. Thaum noj ntses ntau dhau yog qhov txaus ntshai, tsis muaj ib tus kws tshaj lij qhia kom zam kev ua luam dej. Lake Michigan, Lub Yim Hli 2012. Andy Hall / Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism

Thiab qhov tshiab, qhov teeb meem kev tshawb pom qhia tias qhov raug qis qis tuaj yeem hloov cov noob hauv cov xeeb ntxwv thiab cov tiam tom ntej, raws li University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee tus kws tshawb fawb thiab lwm tus tau pom.

Qee lub sij hawm, muaj kuab lom los yog kis kab mob los ntawm PCBs lossis dioxins qhia "kev sib raug zoo ncaj qha" ntawm cov tshuaj lom neeg thiab teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv hauv tib neeg lossis tsiaj qus, hais tias xyoo 2009 daim ntawv qhia los ntawm Endocrine Society, lub koom haum tseem ceeb ntawm cov kws kho mob endocrinologist.

Tab sis ntau zaus, pab pawg tau sau, tib neeg thiab tsiaj txhu raug nthuav dav ntawm cov tshuaj lom neeg tsawg. Feem ntau, qhov ua rau tsis meej, cov txheej txheem thiab cov teebmeem tsis to taub. Muaj ntau yam teeb meem tshwm sim, xws li cov phev qis los yog rog, yog muaj teeb meem heev.

Lub Koom Haum Endocrine's 2009 nqe lus xaus lus tias kev ntsuam xyuas raug thiab nrhiav pom leej twg txaus ntshai tshaj plaws yuav tsum yog "qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws."

Kaum plaub tus kws tshawb fawb hauv xyoo 2011 tau hu rau kev tshawb fawb hauv tebchaws los tshawb xyuas qhov txaus ntshai ntawm cov tshuaj no.

Lawv tau hais txog "loj tab sis tsis tiav patchwork ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb tsis sib xws" uas tau ua rau lub teb chaws "tsis tau npaj los ntsuam xyuas thiab tawm tsam qee qhov kev ntseeg tias yuav muaj teeb meem rau pej xeem thiab ecological."

"Muaj ntau yam uas yuav tsum tau ua," Angela Bauer, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm tib neeg biology ntawm University of Wisconsin-Green Bay uas tau kawm txog kev cuam tshuam ntawm endocrine.

Nyob rau lub sijhawm no, nws hais tias, nws tau tso tseg siv cov ntaub qhwv yas thiab ua rau Lub Hom Phiaj kom txog thaum nws pom ib co triclosan-dawb xab npum. "Tau ib ntus, kuv tau ua rau kuv cov menyuam siv xab npum bar," nws hais.

Ferrey tau hais tias nws tsis tau sim txwv nws tus kheej raug lossis ntawm nws ob tug tub hlob, "tab sis yog tias kuv muaj menyuam mos, kuv yuav ceev faj ntau dua txog qhov lawv raug."

Dana Kolpin, uas yog tus tswj hwm US Geological Survey qhov phiaj xwm tawm tsam cov kab mob tshwm sim thiab tau pom lawv nyob hauv cov kwj dej thiab cov dej hauv av thoob tebchaws, hais tias, "Kuv tseem mus rau qhov chaw dej thiab haus dej," sau tseg tias cov dej hauv lub raj mis yas yuav tsis muaj kev nyab xeeb dua.

Nws hais tias, "Kuv tau hloov dab tsi, yog kuv qhov kev yuav khoom."

Txhua lub sijhawm tam sim no thiab tom qab ntawd Connor, tus kws kho mob endocrinologist, yuav pom tus menyuam yug los nrog qee qhov chaw yug menyuam, thiab xav paub seb puas muaj kev cuam tshuam rau cov endocrine cuam tshuam yuav ua rau nws - lossis lwm yam, xws li cov noob uas tseem tsis tau pom dua.

Tab sis tshwj tsis yog tsev neeg paub txog qhov txawv txav ntawm ib yam dab tsi, nws hais tias, nws yuav yog "kev caij nkoj nuv ntses" los sim thiab nrhiav qhov laj thawj. Kev tshawb fawb tsuas yog tsis deb txaus nrog.

Ua rau nyuaj rau kev tshawb nrhiav, nws paub, yog qhov tseeb tias tib neeg nyob hauv lub ntiaj teb ntawm cov tshuaj.

“Koj tsis saib ib tug neeg raug rau ib yam ntawm ib lub sij hawm; koj tau raug rau txhua yam no, "Connor hais. “Thiab koj tsis tuaj yeem zam tag nrho lawv. Koj yuav tsum ua neej nyob."

Cov nonprofit Wisconsin Center rau Kev Tshawb Xyuas Xov Xwm (www.WisconsinWatch.org) koom tes nrog Wisconsin Cov Xov Xwm Zej Tsoom, Wisconsin Cov Xov Xwm Rau Pej Xeem, lwm cov xov xwm tshaj tawm thiab UW-Madison Tsev Kawm Ntawv Xov Xwm thiab Kev Sib Txuas Lus. Txhua yam haujlwm tsim, tshaj tawm, tshaj tawm lossis tshaj tawm los ntawm Lub Chaw tsis tas yuav cuam tshuam cov kev xav lossis kev xav ntawm UW-Madison lossis ib qho ntawm cov koom tes.

Rov luam tawm peb cov ntawv dawb, hauv online lossis luam tawm, raws li daim ntawv tso cai Creative Commons.

Nrov dab neeg los ntawm Wisconsin Watch

Kate GoldenMultimedia director thiab reporter

Kate Golden, tus thawj coj hauv xov xwm thiab tshaj xov xwm, tshwj xeeb hauv cov dab neeg ib puag ncig thiab cov ntaub ntawv pom.

2 teb rau "Cov kws tshaj lij zam lub suab ceeb toom ntawm cov tshuaj - tab sis kho lawv tus kheej tus cwj pwm"

  1. kuv tsuas xav hais ua tsaug!!! Ua tsaug rau koj sawv thiab ua qhov twg ntau yuav tsis. Peb siv cov yas tsawg heev, khaws cia hauv iav thiab stainless, thiab saib cov khoom noj uas peb noj. Peb tsuas yog siv Ava Anderson Non Toxic tus kheej, menyuam yaus, khoom siv hauv tsev thiab tsiaj. Ntau xyoo dhau los thaum kuv yuav "tshaj tawm" (raws li nws tau hu) rau tib neeg txog cov teeb meem nrog tshuaj, tib neeg yuav luag thiab tso dag tias kuv tsuas yog ua rau muaj kev cuam tshuam ntau dhau. Kuv zoo siab tias kuv tsis yog tib tug neeg uas xav li no txog cov khoom uas peb ib lub teb chaws tau noj txawm tias cov khoom noj lossis cov khoom lag luam. Ua tsaug!!!!!!!!!

  2. Lub headline ntawm no hais nws tag nrho. Tsis tshua muaj leej twg hauv zej zog kev tshawb fawb tau txaus siab los lo rau lawv lub caj dab los ceeb toom rau pej xeem txog kev pheej hmoo kev noj qab haus huv, vim tias muaj kev puas tsuaj loj hauv peb lub zej zog cov qauv.

    Peb tau compartmentalized peb tus kheej mus rau Kev Tshawb Fawb, Politicians, Kws Kho Mob, Kev Lag Luam, thiab Cov Pej Xeem.

    Txhua tus neeg hauv txhua chav xav tias nws yog "Lwm Tus Lwm Tus Txoj Haujlwm" los "Ua Ib Yam" txog kev noj qab haus huv pej xeem txaus ntshai los ntawm kev raug tshuaj lom (thiab lwm yam teeb meem hauv zej zog). Qhov tseeb, cov neeg feem coob tau ceeb toom tsis zoo tias lawv yeej ntseeg thiab ntseeg tias "Ib tug" twb nyuaj ua haujlwm ua raws nraim li ntawd.

    Endocrine cuam tshuam yog ib qho piv txwv zoo meej.

    Txawm hais tias ntau tus kws tshawb fawb muaj kev txhawj xeeb txog kev paub txog thiab muaj feem cuam tshuam txog kev cuam tshuam ntawm endocrine cuam tshuam, ob peb tus neeg txaus siab tawm mus sab nraud lawv qhov kev nplij siab ntawm tus kheej los txhais lawv cov kev tshawb pom rau cov neeg nyob hauv cov ntsiab lus thiab coj lawv cov kev tshawb pom ncaj qha rau cov neeg txiav txim siab tseem ceeb thiab / lossis cov pej xeem.

    Cov kev ua zoo li no tuaj yeem ua rau qee tus kws tshawb fawb raug rho tawm haujlwm, pom tseeb ... tab sis qhov loj dua, ntau qhov tsis txaus ntseeg yog qhov kev coj cwj pwm ntawm cov zej zog kev tshawb fawb nws tus kheej. Cov kws tshawb fawb tsis hwm lwm tus kws tshawb fawb uas tawm tswv yim txog kev ua nom ua tswv raws li txhua yam uas zoo li kev tshawb fawb ntxiv. Lawv xav tias nws qhia tau hais tias "kev tsis ncaj ncees" thiab "tsis muaj lub hom phiaj" ... ob qho tib si kev ua txhaum cai rau cov kws tshawb fawb uas ua rau lub siab txias, kev xav tsis ncaj ncees. Yuav luag txhua tus kws tshawb fawb tau raug cob qhia nruj me ntsis kom tsuas yog hais txog cov ntaub ntawv nyuaj tau los ntawm kev tsim thiab ua tiav cov kev sim ua raws li Txoj Cai Kev Tshawb Fawb. Thiab ntau tus yuav tsuas hais cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm kev ua tiav tag nrho, cov neeg txheeb xyuas cov ntawv luam tawm hauv cov ntawv xov xwm kev tshawb fawb uas muaj kev hwm.

    Cov kws tshawb fawb feem ntau tau ua kom muaj kev txaus ntshai ntawm lub tswv yim ntawm tus kws tshawb fawb muab cov lus qhia ceev faj rau pej xeem raws li cov ntaub ntawv tsis tiav, txawm tias tus kws tshawb fawb no yog ib tus kws tshaj lij tsis muaj teeb meem hauv nws qhov chaw, thiab lawv cov lus qhia ceev faj yog lawv qhov kev txiav txim siab zoo tshaj plaws. Nws tsis tau. Cov phooj ywg muaj zog hauv zej zog kev tshawb fawb txhawb qhov kev cob qhia tas li. Txhua tus kws tshawb fawb uas sib koom ua ke ntau dhau nrog cov neeg siv thiab cov nom tswv, lossis leej twg sib cav tswv yim lossis "tsis muaj tseeb" kev xav nrog cov xov xwm tshaj tawm, tsis yog tus kws tshawb fawb tiag tiag.

    Nov yog teeb meem loj.

    Txawm hais tias kev tshawb fawb nruj ntawm kev tshawb fawb tseem ceeb heev, qee cov lus nug URGENT tsis tuaj yeem ua kom haum rau hauv hom kev tshawb fawb zoo huv si uas cov kws tshawb fawb nyiam. Peb lub neej tsis tuaj yeem TAM SIM NO rau 200 xyoo lossis siv nyiaj ntau lab lab nyiaj se rau cov kev tshawb fawb tshawb fawb zoo ntawm txhua qhov ua tau biochemical ntawm txhua hom endocrine cuam tshuam cov tshuaj. Thiab thaum tag nrho cov kev sib xyaw ua ke thiab koob tshuaj ntawm cov tshuaj raug txiav txim siab, hauv kev hais kwv txhiaj nrog txhua qhov kev hloov pauv hauv tib neeg caj ces raug cuam tshuam, cov lus teb tiav yuav tsis muaj peev xwm ua tau. Peb tsis tuaj yeem TAM SIM NO rau txhua tus kws tshawb fawb pom zoo thiab txaus siab rau txhua daim ntaub ntawv.

    Peb yuav tsum ua qee qhov kev txiav txim siab siv qhov projections thiab kev txiav txim siab zoo tshaj plaws raws li qhov peb paub tam sim no.

    Hauv peb lub neej, "Science Compartment" muaj qee tus neeg txawj ntse tshaj plaws, kawm ntawv thiab paub cov neeg uas peb muaj. Qhov tseeb, lawv feem ntau tsuas yog cov tib neeg uas nkag siab txog qhov muaj feem cuam tshuam txog peb lub zej zog cov tshuaj lom neeg. Txawm li cas los xij, feem ntau cov kws tshawb fawb qhia lawv tus kheej (thiab txhua tus kws tshawb fawb nyob ib puag ncig lawv) tias "Nws Tsis Yog Peb Txoj Haujlwm" qhia rau pej xeem. Lawv ua hauj lwm tag nrho lawv lub neej nyob rau hauv kev nyab xeeb ntawm lawv cov kev kawm thiab kev tshawb fawb npuas, kho lawv tus kheej lub neej rau lawv cov kev tshawb pom, thaum yws txog qhov ruam ntawm peb tus so.

    Lub caij no, peb lub neej tsis paub "Political Compartment" churns nrog, ua rau tsis txaus cov cai, cov cai, thiab kev xaiv nyiaj txiag cuam tshuam txog kev cuam tshuam endocrine (thiab lwm yam teeb meem feem ntau), raws li qhov tseem ceeb los ntawm qhov sib npaug tsis paub (lossis tsis sib haum xeeb) "Kev Lag Luam Kev Lag Luam" ... tus naïve thiab tso siab rau "Public Compartment" lub neej, raug kev txom nyem thiab tuag nyob rau hauv ignorance. Peb lub neej yog DOMINATED los ntawm ignorance.

    Cov kws tshawb fawb tsuas yog cov uas tuaj yeem kho qhov no.

    Thaum ntsib txoj kev nyuaj, nrhiav pom tshiab uas yuav raug mob thiab tua ntau lab tus tib neeg, peb YUAV TSUM tau cov kws tshawb fawb siv lawv cov kev txawj ntse kom txawj ntse, thiab nrawm, nthuav tawm raws li cov ntaub ntawv tsis tiav, txhawm rau txheeb xyuas qhov txaus ntshai thiab pib tshawb nrhiav cov kev daws teeb meem. Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj, thaum lawv cov kev txhawj xeeb tsis tuaj yeem tos, cov kws tshaj lij yuav tsum tau tso cai, txawm tias COJ, coj lawv cov kev xav tau ncaj qha (thiab lees paub) rau cov neeg txiav txim siab thiab cov pej xeem, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog thaum txoj kev sib txuas lus kev tshawb fawb ib txwm tau ua pov thawj tsis muaj txiaj ntsig. Peb xav tau cov kws tshawb fawb los ua lub hauv paus kua nplaum tuav txhua yam ua ke hauv peb lub ntiaj teb niaj hnub no.

    Qhov no yuav tsum tau pom raws li kev ncaj ncees thiab kev ncaj ncees DUTY ntawm cov kws tshawb fawb.

    Tsis muaj leej twg muaj peev xwm.

    Nrog rau tag nrho cov kev hloov pauv tseem ceeb hauv kev siv thev naus laus zis, kev tsim khoom, chemistry, thiab kev loj hlob ntawm cov pej xeem ... thiab qhov ua rau qhov tshwm sim tsis tuaj yeem tshwm sim los ntawm qhov tshwm sim tsis tau tshwm sim ...

Lus raug kaw.