May 22, 2016

What is your ACE score?

More on Trauma-informed care from WCIJ

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What role did trauma-informed care play in alleged juvenile prison abuse?

Need Help?

If you or someone you know is suffering from the effects of trauma, please contact a National Hotline for Support for Trauma or Abuse.

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Precious Lives is a two-year project investigating the problem of gun violence among young people, its causes and potential solutions in the Milwaukee area and statewide. Read the Center’s stories in the series here.

In the mid-1980s, San Diego physician Dr. Vincent Feletti of Kaiser Permanente made a surprising discovery: Many obese people also had a history of trauma. Overeating, Feletti found, was for some a reaction to traumatizing events from childhood, such as sexual abuse.

Feletti, along with Centers for Disease Control epidemiologist Dr. Robert Anda, developed the “adverse childhood experience” scale that is the basis for the current trauma-informed care movement.

Generally, the higher the ACE score, the more at risk you are for poor mental and physical health, unemployment and other negative outcomes in adulthood. However, the score does not measure positive factors that create resiliency such as the presence of a supportive adult. And it does not measure the severity or repetitiveness of these traumas — each type of ACE counts for just 1 point — nor does it cover all traumas, such as racism or street violence.

To learn your ACE score, take the quiz:

While you were growing up, during your first 18 years of life:

  • 1. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often…
     
    Swear at you, insult you, put you down or humiliate you?
    or
    Act in a way that made you afraid that you might be physically hurt?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 2. Did a parent or other adult in the household often or very often…
     
    Push, grab, slap or throw something at you?
    or
    Ever hit you so hard that you had marks or were injured?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 3. Did an adult or person at least 5 years older than you ever…
     
    Touch or fondle you or have you touch their body in a sexual way?
    or
    Attempt or actually have oral, anal or vaginal intercourse with you?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 4. Did you often or very often feel that…
     
    No one in your family loved you or thought you were important or special?
    or
    Your family didn’t look out for each other, feel close to each other or support each other?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 5. Did you often or very often feel that…
     
    You didn’t have enough to eat, had to wear dirty clothes and had no one to protect you?
    or
    Your parents were too drunk or high to take care of you or take you to the doctor if you needed it?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 6. Were your parents ever separated or divorced?
     
    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 7. Was your mother or stepmother:
     
    Often or very often pushed, grabbed, slapped or had something thrown at her?
    or
    Sometimes, often or very often kicked, bitten, hit with a fist or hit with something hard?
    or
    Ever repeatedly hit over at least a few minutes or threatened with a gun or knife?

    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 8. Did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic or who used street drugs?
     
    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 9. Was a household member depressed or mentally ill, or did a household member attempt suicide?
     
    If yes, enter 1 ________

  • 10. Did a household member go to prison?
     
    If yes, enter 1 ________

    Add up your “Yes” answers: ________ This is your ACE score.